常用經濟術語中英對照表

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  • 國民經濟、對外經濟貿易 National economy, Foreign economic relations and trade
  • 經濟指標 economic indicators
  • 社會總產值 total product of society
  • 國民生產總值 GNP (Gross National Product)
  • 國內生產總值 GDP (Gross Domestic Product)
  • 人均國內生產總值 GDP per capita
  • 工農業總產值 gross output value of industry and agriculture
  • 國民收入 national income
  • 購買力平價法 purchasing power parity
  • 財政收入 state revenue
  • 社會商品零售總額 total volume of retail sales
  • 社會零售物價總指數 general retail price index
  • 百分點 percentage points
  • "八五"劃劃 the 8th Five-Year Plan for National Economic and Social Development
  • 計劃經濟 planned economy
  • 統購統銷 state monopoly over purchase and marketing
  • 市場經濟 market economy
  • 指令性計劃 mandatory plan
  • 指導性計劃 guidance plan
  • 市場調節 market regulation
  • 建立市場經濟、法制、民主監督和廉政"三個機制" establish operational mechanisms of market economy, rule by law, democratic supervision and incorruptible government
  • 抓好農業、交通能源、教育科技"三個基礎" stress priorities over agriculture, transportation and energy supply, education and science and technology
  • 實現產業結構、生態環境和人口素質"三個優化" optimize industrial structure, ecological environment and the quality of population
  • 第一、二、三產業 primary, secondary and tertiary industries
  • 外向型經濟 export-oriented economy
  • 創匯型企業 foreign exchange-earning enterprise
  • 勞動密集型 labor intensive
  • 技術、智力、資本密集型 technology, knowledge or capital intensive
  • 高附加值的深加工 down-stream processing with high added-value
  • 優化資源配置 optimize allocation of resources
  • 生產力 productive forces
  • 生產資料 capital goods
  • 科研成果產業化 industrialization of research findings
  • 火炬計劃 Torch Plan
  • 技術入股 technology appraised as capital stock
  • 風險投資 venture investment/capital
  • 固定資產投資 investment in fixed assets
  • 折舊費 depreciation cost
  • 關係民生的產品 products vital to the people’s livelihood
  • 供大於求 oversupply
  • 供不應求 short supply
  • 經濟過熱 overheated economy
  • 抑制炒房地產熱 stem frenzied and speculative trading in the property market
  • 巨集觀調控 macro-economic control
  • 經濟杠桿 economic levers
  • 產業政策 industrial policy
  • 財政, 稅收, 信貸利率, 匯率 public financing, taxation, credit, interest rate, exchange rate
  • 提高經濟效益 enhance economic performance/returns
  • 社會效益 social effect/returns
  • 實現持續、穩定、協調的發展 bring about sustained, stable and coordinated development
  • 財政赤字(盈餘 ) budget deficit(surplus)
  • 外貿出口總額 gross foreign export value
  • 外商直接投資協議金額 contracted foreign direct investment
  • 實際利用外資 foreign investment in actual use
  • 三資企業(中外合資合作、外商獨資經營) three kinds of enterprises with foreign investment: sino-foreign joint venture, contractual joint venture
  • 允許外商獨資經營 allow full foreign equity operation
  • 優惠條件 confessional terms; favorable terms
  • 減免稅收 tax reduction and exemption
  • 合作方式 approaches to cooperation
  • 出資方式 means of contributing investment
  • 合營期限 contract term of a joint venture
  • 三來一補 (來料加工,來件裝配,來樣加工) processing and compensation trades(processing with materials or given samples, assembling supplied components)
  • 貿易伙伴 trade partner
  • 轉口貿易 transit trade
  • 外貿順差 foreign trade surplus
  • 積極引進外來資金、技術、人才和管理經驗 actively introduce capital, technology, competent professionals and managerial expertise form outside
  • 交鑰匙工程 turn-key project
  • 招標承包制 bidding invitation contract system
  • 招標出售技術 bids for technology
  • 公開招標 call for bid; tenders
  • 招標單 invitation for bid (IFB)
  • 標書 bidding document
  • 竟標 competitive bidding
  • 投標 bid for a project
  • 投標報價書 bid proposals
  • 評標 bid proposal evaluation
  • 開標 bid opening
  • 中標 win a bid; be awarded a tender
  • 拍賣 auction
  • 租賃 leasing
  • 保稅區 bonded area; free trade area
  • 實行全方位開放 practice multi-directional opening
  • 統一政策、放開經營、平等競爭、 unified policy, liberalized operation, and equal competition
  • 自負盈虧、工貿結合、推行代理制 responsibility for one’s own profits and losses, the integration of industry and foreign trade, and the promotion of agent system
  • 知識產權 intellectual property rights
  • 技術轉讓 technology transfer
  • 可行性研究 feasibility study
  • 意向書 letter of intent
  • 投資環境 investment environment
  • 跨國公司 transnational coorporation
  • 基礎設施 infrastructure
  • 20年基本實現現代化 basically achieve modernization in 20 years
  • 發揮技術視窗管理視窗和人才視窗的作用 serve as a medium for introducing advanced technologies, managerial expertise and qualified professionals from outside.
  • 招商 attract investment
  • 招商項目 project proposals for investment
  • 國際慣例接軌 follow the international codes of practice; bring … in line with the international usage
  • 加大改革力度 intensify reforms
  • 一條龍服務 one package service
  • 一支筆審批 one-chop approval
  • 我們兩市的經濟互補性很強。 To a great extent, the economies between out two cities are complementary to each other.
  • 平等互利,互通有無 equality and mutual benefit, and trading of needed goods
  • 外引內聯 act as an intermediary for introducing foreign capital and establishing domestic connections
  • 保持發展後勁 bring about a sustainable development; sustain momentum of development
  • 三通一平(水通、電通、路通、施工場地平) "three connections and one leveling" assuring that a construction site is connected to water and electric power supplies and roads, and that the ground is leveled before a project is begun.
  • 瓶頸 bottleneck
  • 以工養農 use industrial income to finance agriculture
  • 以路養路 use tolls to repay investment in road projects
  • 下放審批權 delegate the authority to examine and approve to lower levels
  • 統而不死,活而不亂 ensure a flexible control
  • 良性迴圈 positive cycle
  • 國民經濟的支柱 mainstay of the national economy
  • 格局初步形成 Pattern has taken initial shape.
  • 理順企業的產權關係 rationalize the property rights relationships of enterprises
  • 政策性虧損 policy-related loss
  • 三角債 chain debts
  • 上不封頂,下不保底 set no ceiling limit and give no minimum guarantee
  • 企業“工效掛鉤” link total payroll with the performance of an enterprise
  • 生意興隆/冷淡 Business is booming/sluggish
  • 質量信得過單位 quality trustworthy organization
  • 批量生產 mass production
  • 以銷定產 limit production to market ability
  • 內聯企業 inland associated enterprises
  • 菜籃子工程 shipping basket project
  • 國產化 percentage of home-made parts
  • 配套改革 coordinated reforms
  • 配套措施 supporting measures
  • 配套工程 auxiliary project
  • 國內配套資金 domestic funds
  • 向基礎工業傾斜的政策 policy in favor of basic industry
  • 升級換代 upgrading and updating
  • 看好經濟增長 think highly of economic growth
  • 行情看好 Favorable price/market can be expected.
  • 行情看漲/跌 anticipate lower market price/rising price
  • 隨行就市 fluctuate in line with market conditions
  • 片面追求發展速度 seek an unduly high growth rate
  • 在過渡時期 in a period of transition
  • 粗放/集約經營 extensive/intensive operation
  • 基礎地位 leading position
  • 門類齊全 covering extensive fields
  • 存款餘額/貸款餘額 the balance of deposits/the balance of loans
  • 外匯儲備 foreign exchange reserves
  • 貿易順差 trade surplus
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222.131.109.* 在 2014年6月11日 03:28 發表

好好學習

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