2011年《金融時報》全球500強排名

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2011年《金融時報》全球500強排名(FT Global 500 2011)

目錄

2011年《金融時報》全球500強排名簡介

  北京時間2011年6月30日晚間消息,英國《金融時報》近日公佈2011年全球500強上市企業名單,埃克森美孚重新奪回榜首寶座,中國石油列居全球第二。500強總計有53家中國企業入圍。與財富五百強按營業額排名的依據不同,《金融時報》的排名根據公司的市值,而計算市值的基準股價是2011年3月31日的股價

  全球500強總市值同比增長12%,由23.5萬億美元上升至26.2萬億美元。第500強企業的市值也高達190億美元,而去年這一數字僅為160億美元。銀行業和石油行業依然最值錢,其總市值分別為44360億美元和38360億美元。礦業類由第九位晉升至第五位,其總市值增長4.1%,達到10670億美元。

  其中,中國移動從去年的第10名滑到第16位,中國聯通由去年的289名上升為209位。根據公佈的數據顯示,全球500強的總市值2011年同比增長12%,由235,000億美元上升至262,000億美元。第500強企業的市值也高達190億美元,而去年這一數字僅為160億美元。

  前10名企業中,中國石油第2名、中國工商銀行排第4,中國建設銀行排第9名。在前100名企業中,有來自17家ICT的企業,蘋果市值為3210.7億美元,由去年的第5位上升至第3位,微軟的市值2133.3億,從去年第3名滑至第10名。

  通信運營企業中,中國移動的市值最高,達1848.8億美元,從去年的第10名滑到第16位。美國AT&T列20位,沃達豐為30 位,verizon列48位,日本NTT DocoMo列85位。中國另一家電信運營商中國聯通市值達391億美元,位列第209位,較2010年上升 80位,在全球電信運營商中位列第12位,較2010年上升4位。

  其他IT企業中,IBM列14位、谷歌列28位、三星電子列36位、英特爾列47位、高通列62位、亞馬遜列77位。而諾基亞市值大幅下滑,僅為320億美元,全球排名第271位,大大低於2010年的第102位。

  英國《金融時報》全球500強 排行榜每年公佈一次,今年已是第15期。每個季度會進行一次修正。入榜公司必須至少有15%股份在市場公開流通。

  High quality global journalism requires investment. Please share this article with others using the link below, do not cut & paste the article. See our Ts&Cs and Copyright Policy for more detail. Email ftsales.support@ft.com to buy additional rights.

  This is the 15th ranking of the FT Global 500, providing an annual snapshot of the world’s largest companies. Exxon Mobil resumes its position as the world’s most valuable company and PetroChina is number two. The total market capitalisation of the Global 500 companies has risen by 12 per cent from $23,500bn to $26,200bn. The FTSE All World index has risen by 12 per cent over the same period in dollar terms. The 500th company is worth $19bn, compared with $16bn last year. Banks and oil companies remain the most valuable sectors in the list at $4,436bn and $3,836bn respectively. Mining increases its position from ninth to fifth, with its market value on the list rising by 4.1 per cent to $1,067bn.

  The FT Global 500 table, and many others derived from the same data, show how fortunes have changed in the past year, highlighting relative performance of countries and sectors.

  The companies are ranked by market capitalisation – the greater the stock market value of a company, the higher its ranking. Market capitalisation is the share price on March 31 2011 multiplied by the number of shares issued. The figures were converted into a common currency to allow comparison so all the figures in the main FT 500 ranking are presented in terms of the dollar at that date.

  We have included all companies where the free float – the proportion of shares in market circulation – is at least 15 per cent. Companies are then valued on the lines of shares that are quoted on the stock market. The full value of a listed stock is included even if part of it is tightly held. Unlisted lines of stock are excluded. Investment companies are not included.

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  A company’s country allocation in the FT 500 is based on incorporation and stock market listing, along with market perception, largely following the FTSE guidelines. This can lead to what may seem like some anomalies. For example, EADS and STMicroelectronics, both incorporated in the Netherlands, are classified as French as the main quotes are on the Euronext Paris exchange. Schlumberger and Seagate Technology are classified as US, although they are incorporated in the Netherlands Antilles and the Cayman Islands respectively. The Jardine companies appear under Hong Kong despite their Singapore listings and incorporations in Bermuda.

  The main Global 500 table shows for each company: the rank in 2010 and 2011, the country, market capitalisation, sector, turnover, net income, total assets and employees. Also included are the price, price earnings ratio, dividend yield and the company’s year end.

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  Companies can be ranked by any of their key statistics such as turnover (as used by Fortune magazine in its Global 500), employment or profits. While each can be interesting, we feel there are more weaknesses with these methods. Turnover, for example, does not adequately allow for banks and some financial services companies, while profits will be distorted by write-offs. A common problem affecting most methods other than market capitalisation is timing. As profit and turnover figures come from annual reports, any ranking based on them must be out of date. As annual reports are staggered through the year some of the numbers used for the rankings would relate to a period two years before publication of the ranking.

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  In contrast it can also be argued that a ranking based on market capitalisations contains a forward-looking element in the sense that share prices include a view on investors’ expectations.

  There are additional FT 500 tables for Europe, US, UK and Japan. There are also tables showing the newcomers to the list (and those who have disappeared), largest rises and falls in rank, market capitalisation by sector and by country as well as a list ranking all the Global 500 companies within their sectors.

2011年《金融時報》全球500強排名全榜單

榜單首頁 | 1-100 | 101-200 | 201-300 | 301-400 | 401-500


2011年排名2010年排名公司名稱國別市值(百萬美元)行業營業額(百萬美元)凈利潤(百萬美元)總資產(百萬美元)員工數
12埃克森美孚美國417,166.70石油和天然氣生產商34157830,460.00298,983.0083,600
21中石油中國326,199.20石油和天然氣生產商222332.821,239.60251,279.10552,698
35蘋果美國321,072.10技術硬體及設備6506714,013.0075,183.0049,400
44中國工商銀行中國251,078.10銀行N/R25,059.302,042,093.60389,827
513巴西國家石油公司巴西247,417.60石油和天然氣生產商128478.421,198.20309,336.9080,492
66必和必拓澳大利亞/英國247,079.50礦業50418.312,148.6083,835.2039,570
711中國建設銀行中國232,608.60銀行20,460.101,640,263.00301,537
819皇家荷蘭殼牌公司英國228,128.70石油和天然氣生產商373259.620,411.60317,199.5097,000
925雪佛龍美國215,780.60石油和天然氣生產商18960719,024.00183,918.0062,000
103微軟美國213,336.40軟體與電腦服務6198918,760.0086,113.0089,000
119通用電氣美國212,917.80一般工業14906011,620.00751,200.00287,000
128伯克希爾-哈撒韋美國206,671.30非壽險保險N/R12,967.00372,229.00260,000
1312雀巢瑞士199,406.60食品生產11200536,651.90117,483.50281,000
1421IBM美國198,869.80軟體與電腦服務9987014,833.00110,232.00399,409
1533俄羅斯天然氣工業公司俄羅斯190,829.10石油和天然氣生產商117623.731,671.80302,017.00393,000
1610中國移動中國香港184,842.30移動通信71750.617,691.10129,297.70164,336
1717JP摩根大通美國183,639.70銀行N/R16,406.002,117,605.00239,831
1820匯豐銀行英國181,936.90銀行N/R13,302.702,459,129.80295,061
197沃爾瑪美國181,716.70一般零售商41895216,389.00180,336.002,100,000
2024AT&T美國180,948.80固網電訊12428019,864.00268,488.00265,410
2114寶潔美國172,528.20家居用品和家鄉建設7893812,736.00128,172.00127,000
2237甲骨文美國169,185.60軟體與電腦服務268206,135.0060,311.00105,000
2322淡水河谷巴西168,232.10礦業50135.618,114.50127,844.7070,785
2423富國銀行美國167,415.90銀行N/R12,362.001,258,128.00272,200
2515強生公司美國162,361.80醫葯與生物技術6164113,334.0097,812.00114,000
2631輝瑞美國162,301.40醫葯與生物技術678098,257.00193,825.00110,600
2738可口可樂美國152,258.80飲料3520011,809.0072,823.00139,600
2830谷歌美國147,199.80軟體與電腦服務291188,505.0057,586.0024,400
2926中國銀行中國145,977.90銀行N/R15,842.301,583,323.20279,301
3042沃達豐集團英國145,923.30移動通信6748413,118.40236,649.4084,990
3135力拓澳大利亞/英國144,447.40礦業5657614,324.00112,402.0069,002
3228諾華公司瑞士143,633.00醫葯與生物技術56400.610,911.60131,006.70119,418
3334道達爾法國143,227.10石油和天然氣生產商188053.814,151.30190,549.1092,855
34中國農業銀行中國141,363.10銀行N/R14,395.201,568,507.60444,447
3532豐田汽車日本139,367.40汽車及零部件202775.42,241.20323,425.40320,590
3643三星電子南韓138,159.20技術硬體及設備137930.314,092.70118,782.9085,085
3718BP英國136,848.00石油和天然氣生產商300439.1-3,760.70274,781.6079,700
3816美國銀行美國134,914.90銀行N/R-2,242.002,264,909.00288,000
3945花旗集團美國128,703.90銀行N/R10,512.001,913,902.00260,000
4029羅氏製藥瑞士127,055.60醫葯與生物技術50827.49,278.3062,796.4080,653
4171斯倫貝謝美國126,818.60石油設備及服務274474,267.0051,767.00108,000
4254西門子德國125,465.50一般工業103512.45,312.00134,723.70405,000
4352菲利普-莫裡斯國際公司美國117,945.60煙草271847,226.0035,050.0078,300
4448西班牙電信西班牙114,411.30固網電訊8130813,610.50166,107.30257,426
4569康菲石油公司美國114,171.60石油和天然氣生產商17690611,358.00156,154.0029,700
4675中國海洋石油總公司中國香港112,560.20石油和天然氣生產商27067.98,045.5049,752.804,650
4740英特爾美國110,747.80技術硬體及設備4362311,464.0062,897.0082,500
4858威瑞森電信美國107,911.90固網電訊1065652,549.00220,005.00194,400
4936中國石化中國107,906.80石油和天然氣生產商284741.710,893.50148,630.70373,375
5047百事公司美國103,085.30飲料578386,320.0068,153.00294,000
5144默沙東美國101,772.40醫葯與生物技術45913859.00105,309.0094,000
5257伊塔屋商業銀行巴西99,719.80銀行N/R8,025.90439,828.90108,000
5350葛蘭素史克公司英國98,600.10醫葯與生物技術44293.22,549.1061,878.2096,461
5453埃尼義大利98,502.90石油和天然氣生產商132348.38,457.80170,008.3078,830
5546桑坦德銀行西班牙98,119.80銀行N/R10,951.801,629,856.40178,869
5662俄羅斯石油公司俄羅斯96,953.50石油和天然氣生產商46134.710,362.0093,704.00158,884
5727思科公司美國94,805.10技術硬體及設備400407,767.0079,051.0070,700
5841中國人壽保險中國94,680.50生命保險N/R5,101.70214,013.10103,220
5951賽諾菲-安萬特法國92,044.40醫葯與生物技術40674.87,318.60110,057.70101,575
6059法國燃氣蘇伊士集團法國91,809.40公用事業113089.96,179.40244,964.20236,116
6165安海斯-布希英博比利時91,560.10飲料36810.24,082.90113,598.20114,313
6277高通美國90,126.60技術硬體及設備109913,247.0028,650.0017,500
6360中國神華中國89,270.60礦業230715,785.4051,611.2065,154
6439惠普美國88,656.20技術硬體及設備1256828,761.00122,433.00324,600
6574挪威國家石油公司挪威88,366.30石油和天然氣生產商90437.56,538.70110,082.0030,344
6663加拿大皇家銀行加拿大88,019.10銀行N/R5,125.60711,045.0072,126
6755法國巴黎銀行法國87,789.00銀行10,081.702,662,542.00205,348
6861聯合利華荷蘭/英國87,303.40食品生產59253.15,689.4054,713.60165,000
6980西方石油公司美國84,936.80石油和天然氣生產商190434,524.0052,432.0011,000
70103英國天然氣集團英國84,230.00石油和天然氣生產商17358.53,388.6049,780.906,238
7166沙特基礎工業沙烏地阿拉伯84,196.60化學品40525.95,741.1084,294.6033,000
7267澳洲聯邦銀行澳大利亞83,936.70銀行N/R4,759.70542,069.7045,025
7386俄羅斯聯邦儲蓄銀行俄羅斯83,576.60銀行N/R5,956.50282,190.10257,046
7456高盛美國82,552.40金融服務N/R8,354.00905,093.0035,700
7582華特迪士尼美國81,830.80媒體380633,963.0069,206.00149,000
76126AMX墨西哥81,595.40移動通信49187.67,349.3069,568.7055,627
7795亞馬遜美國81,239.30一般零售商342041,152.0018,775.0033,700
7879英美煙草公司英國79,904.00煙草23218.44,491.4042,822.1092,285
79127AMBEV巴西79,604.20飲料15200.84,555.1025,053.4044,900
80110巴斯夫德國79,546.80化學品85506.26,100.4078,698.90103,449
8176麥當勞美國79,384.60旅游休閑24074.64,946.3031,384.80400,000
8278聯合技術公司美國77,979.00航空航天與國防542074,373.0056,523.00208,200
8389多倫多道明銀行加拿大77,949.80銀行N/R4,557.40607,990.5068,725
84108路易威登法國77,612.90個人物品27202.24,058.9048,856.8083,542
8583都科摩日本76,998.40移動通信45843.15,294.2069,365.2022,297
8668信實工業印度76,909.00石油和天然氣生產商453285,466.6057,882.2023,365
8749法國電力公司法國76,664.70電力87235.71,365.50319,189.20158,764
8864雅培公司美國75,908.80醫葯與生物技術351674,626.0058,810.2090,000
8970西太平洋銀行澳大利亞75,705.40銀行N/R6,137.30595,733.4038,962
90134戴姆勒德國75,385.20汽車及零部件130871.76,021.40178,336.30260,100
9197SAP德國75,209.90軟體與電腦服務16685.42,424.4026,914.4053,513
92154大眾汽車公司德國72,978.50汽車及零部件169846.39,150.00261,238.70399,381
93112Bradesco巴西71,981.50銀行N/R6,037.20373,516.9095,248
94175卡特彼勒美國71,132.80工業工程425882,700.0061,527.00104,490
95131Suncor能源加拿大70,234.10石油和天然氣生產商339823,581.8070,324.0012,076
9692歐萊雅法國69,898.30個人物品26098.82,998.3031,350.0066,619
97114斯特拉塔英國69,240.30礦業30841.14,740.6069,409.9038,561
98105瑞銀瑞士69,006.90銀行N/R8,066.401,400,108.5064,617
9987本田汽車日本68,300.10汽車及零部件91797.22,871.90122,201.90176,815
100106英美資源英國67,950.00礦業28352.56,635.9066,163.50100,000


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