國際廣告協會

用手机看条目

出自 MBA智库百科(https://wiki.mbalib.com/)

国际广告协会(International Advertising Association,简称IAA)
國際廣告協會(International Advertising Association,簡稱IAA)

官方網站網址:http://www.iaaglobal.org/

目錄

國際廣告協會簡介

  國際廣告協會創立於1938年,總部設在美國紐約。當時稱出口廣告協會,1954年改為現名。國際廣告協會是廣告主廣告公司、媒體、學術機構以及營銷傳播界唯一的全球性廣告組織,也是全世界唯一在96個國家和地區擁有會員、涉及品牌創建和營銷傳播領域的全球性行業協會。國際廣告協會的會員遍及世界96個國家和地區,會員的分佈情況是:亞太地區21%,歐洲40%,拉丁美洲12%,中東/非洲17%,美國/加拿大10%。主要刊物有《國際廣告協會航空通訊》(雙月刊),《國際廣告協會情報摘要》(雙月刊),《比較廣告》。

  IAA是世界上最有權威性的廣告國際團體;其宗旨是:

  • 促進會員間的學術、經驗和思想的交流,提高他們的業務水平;
  • 提高廣告業務的標準和實踐,並通過與其他組織的合作,促進信息交流;
  • 提倡研究、分析和探索世界廣告發展的新趨勢、新可能性、新技術和新方法;
  • 團結廣告界品質優良、富有聲望的人士。

  IAA的作用通過開展活動和提供服務來發揮。對已成立專門組織的地區,是通過合作的示範,鼓勵其會員遵守高標準和原則;對未成立廣告專門組織的地區,是通過協會所屬的分會作為公斷人、調解人和顧問,在廣告業務、政治和社會作用方面提供服務。

  IAA的最高權力機構是世界委員會,至少每2年舉行一次會議。休會期間,由其選舉的世界理事會主持協會的工作。會員有7種類型:個人會員、團體會員、組織會員、準會員、院校會員、資深會員和名譽會員。15名會員即可提請理事會批准組建一個分會,現在38個國家和地區設有分會。

國際廣告協會的使命

  • 宣傳廣告為推動經濟健康發展和促進社會開放的重要作用和意義;
  • 保護和促進商業言論自由和消費者自由選擇的權利;
  • 鼓勵廣告自律的廣泛實施和認可;
  • 組織論壇,探討不斷出現的廣告營銷傳播業的專業問題以及這些問題在飛速變化的世界環境中所引發的結果。

IAA history

  1930's - 1940's: the beginning

  In 1938, Thomas Ashwell, publisher of the Export Trade & Shipper magazine in New York, had a vision. Long aware of the need for an organization to coordinate and foster the practice of international advertising, Ashwell assembled twelve other export advertising executives for a luncheon meeting on 8 April 1938 at the Harvard Club in New York. Out of that occasion, the International Advertising Association was born.

  The first public gathering, which attracted over 130 men and women from the export advertising business, was held that May. The first President, Shirley Woodell, described the new association as ‘an organization for the interchange of ideas and experiences, in order to promote the efficiency and scope of its members in the practice of their profession of foreign advertising’. And she proposed its tripartite structure composed of advertisers, advertising agencies and the media and their representatives

  When the elected Directors applied to register as a not-for-profit corporation, they discovered their chosen name, the International Advertising Association, was already assigned. So they incorporated themselves as the Export Advertising Association on 3 October 1938, and by the end of the year had 67 members

  The organization held its first International Advertising Convention in October 1949 in New York City with the theme ‘Greater foreign trade through international advertising’. Now some 300 members strong, it moved confidently into the new decade

  1950's: embedding our goals

  The 1950’s can be characterized by several key milestones which truly embedded the IAA’s goals and mission:

  • During the 1950's, great strides were made towards internationalization of the IAA. In 1953, approximately one fifth of the 500 members were located outside the USA. By the time it celebrated its 20th anniversary in 1958, it had 1,160 members, of which over 600 came from outside the U.S., representing a total of 58 countries.
  • The new broadening horizons hastened the discussion of a change of name to the International Advertising Association when that name became available, which it did on in October 1953. The change was officially made on 15th December of that year.
  • 1955 marked an important year for the IAA. After the name change, the Board decided to give the IAA truly worldwide significance by introducing Regional Vice-Presidents and creating an IAA European Committee, and the first IAA conference to be held outside the USA took place in Zürich, Switzerland the same year. A second IAA European Conference was held in The Hague in 1957, and the IAA initiated important efforts to promote advertising self-regulation.
  • In the late 1950's, international advertising underwent many changes: a tightening of economic conditions, a recession in the U.S., and the evolution of the European Common Market all affected long-established marketing operations. The IAA also changed with the times. It modified its constitution and bylaws in 1959, by providing for the establishment of local Chapters and an increase in worldwide representation on the Board.The first Chapters were formed and a European Council organized.

  1960's: a decade of ‘firsts’

  The IAA achieved many ‘firsts’ in the 1960's:

  • The first IAA Latin American Conference was held in Caracas, Venezuela in 1960.
  • Young professional groups within Chapters were proposed for membership, with the first organized in Venezuela in 1964.
  • In 1963, the IAA World Congress and the IAA European Conference were combined for the first World Congress outside of the U.S. held in Stockholm.
  • In 1966, Mexicobecame the first Latin American country to host the IAA World Congress and in 1969 Tokyo, Japan was the first in Asia.
  • In 1964, Dr. Rudolf Farner of Switzerland was elected as the first non-U.S. IAA World President.

  Perhaps the most crucial trend affecting the IAA's work at that time was the emergence of consumerism as a major force in the mid-1960's, with advertising soon becoming one of its prime targets. In the past, the IAA's main role had been that of teacher, observer and reporter. Now consumerism was seen as a vital challenge to the industry and the bylaws were redefined to set the IAA on a new path for its journey to the forefront of the defense of advertising internationally.

  At the end of the 1960's, IAA membership was up to over 2,100, with 15 Chapters.

  1970's: growth of corporate and organizational membership

  With the approval of the new bylaws in 1971, providing for a more active role for the IAA, the Association began its search for greater resources. Corporate support of major projects and services became an important and necessary reality. In 1972, the Sustaining (later termed ‘Corporate’) and Organizational Members program began and grew successfully thereafter.

  1980's: launch of our education program

  The IAA Education Program was formed, announced at the 1980 IAA World Congress in Durban. As introduced, it developed requirements leading to two levels of IAA Certificates and an IAA Diploma in International Advertising, aimed at providing a much needed educational standard for the marketing communications business on a worldwide scale.

  In addition, an extensive publications program was initiated with studies covering different restrictions, problems and prospects in the worldwide marketing communications community. Regular summaries were circulated of such topical items as government legislation, developments in self-regulation, consumer trends, public service advertising activities and significant media changes. In pursuit of its objectives ‘to establish a common platform in building and sustaining the prestige of the advertising profession’ and ‘to serve as spokesman against unwarranted attack or restrictions on advertising’, the IAA formed a Public Action Committee, which met for the first time at the 1980 IAA World Congress in Durban, South Africa. This Committee assumed responsibility for monitoring the international advertising climate with regard to government regulation, legislation and consumerist actions. In this, the IAA worked closely with other organizations such as the European Economic Community, the European Advertising Tripartite (EAT) and the International Chamber of Commerce (ICC).

  The 1980's presented the IAA with new and greater challenges — included among them mergers and restructurings on both the agency and advertiser sides, new advertising restrictions and bans, threats of taxes on advertising, developments in satellite broadcasting and so on.

  Chapter lobbying efforts, directly and in cooperation with a host of other national, regional and international organizations increased markedly on such issues as taxation and product advertising and gained the support of many more Organizational Members.

  The Association closed out the 1980’s with a strong membership base of 2,700 Individual Members and 36 Chapters in 74 countries, with 82 Corporate and 28 Organizational Members.

  1990's: a truly international reach

  For the Association, this decade was marked by a number of significant advances. One of these was its continuing international growth and influence, mirrored in the geographical origins of its World Presidents; Roger Neill (1990-92), a former Chapter President both in Australia and the UK; Mustapha Assad (1992-94), the first from the Middle East; Luis Carlos Mendiola Codina (1994-96), the second from Latin America; and Senyon Kim (1996-98), the first from Asia/Pacific.

本條目對我有幫助2
MBA智库APP

扫一扫,下载MBA智库APP

分享到:
  如果您認為本條目還有待完善,需要補充新內容或修改錯誤內容,請編輯條目

本条目由以下用户参与贡献

Cabbage,Zfj3000,泡芙小姐,东风,Yixi,方小莉,Lin,Tracy,寒曦.

評論(共2條)

提示:評論內容為網友針對條目"國際廣告協會"展開的討論,與本站觀點立場無關。
119.136.40.* 在 2016年1月18日 09:38 發表

網站要增加類目相關性推薦,人性化而非商業化的相關興趣推薦引擎

回複評論
寒曦 (討論 | 貢獻) 在 2016年1月18日 11:14 發表

119.136.40.* 在 2016年1月18日 09:38 發表

網站要增加類目相關性推薦,人性化而非商業化的相關興趣推薦引擎

感謝建議,歡迎加入MBA智庫百科!

回複評論

發表評論請文明上網,理性發言並遵守有關規定。

MBA智库
打开APP

以上内容根据网友推荐自动排序生成