俄亥俄州立大學

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俄亥俄州立大学(OSU)
俄亥俄州立大學(OSU) 目前是美國最大的大學

俄亥俄州立大學官方網站網址:http://www.osu.edu/

目錄

俄亥俄州立大學簡介

  俄亥俄州立大學(Ohio State University,OSU)是一所四年制公立大學,成立於1870年。俄亥俄州立大學它由哥倫布的主校園和位於利馬、曼斯菲爾德、馬利恩、直布羅陀島、紐瓦克和渥斯特的五所分校組成。它的寵物是一顆橡樹。此大學現被《美國新聞與世界報道》雜誌評為公立學校中第19名,所有學校中前60名,並是俄亥俄州排名第一的公立學校。

  OSU以優良傳統的校風及學術研究上的競爭力享譽全美,學校的硬體設施很完善,無論是應用在學術上或是休閑活動上的,均十分良好,如:附設醫院、行政大樓、圖書館、及可容納90,000人的體育館、自有的農場等。

  OSU共有十多個學院,醫學院、建築院、文學院、文學和科學學院、生命科學學院、商學院、教育學院、工程學院、牙科學院、環境和自然資源學院、食品、農業和環境科學學院、人類生態學院、人文學院、法學院、公共健康學院、社會和行為科學學院、獸醫學院、以及研究生院等等。學生選修最多的學科,依次是商科管理(19%)、工程(10%)、社會科學(9%)、教育(9%)、大眾傳播(9%)。OSU的學期制度採用學季制Quarter,因此在俄亥俄州立大學攻讀碩士學位,在時間約1年半到2年左右的時間,便可完成學位歸國。

  OSU的MBA項目具有自己的特色,註重小班教學,課程設置強調學生在實踐中學習的能力。學生和教師之間有很多機會進行交流。教師都具有豐富的學術和商業實踐經驗,擔任著商業顧問、董事會成員等職務,傳授給學生的是最新的理論和實戰經驗。

  目前俄亥俄州立大學在哥倫布的主校園是美國最大的單個校園,50,995學生在這裡上學。俄亥俄州立大學的語言學系和商業、教育、政治學、舞蹈和工程學院也很著名。醫學院的詹姆斯癌症醫院是美國最先進的癌症研究所之一。著名的威克斯納藝術中心也位於哥倫布校園中。

俄亥俄州立大學的歷史

  1870年俄亥俄農業和機械學院成立,1873年開始接受學生。這所學校一開始位於哥倫布市外,其主要專業是農業和機械。俄亥俄州後來決定擴大教育範圍,從1878年開始這個大學改名位俄亥俄州立大學。

  俄亥俄州立大學的校友中包括兩名諾貝爾獎獲得者,Paul Flory(1974年諾貝爾化學獎得主)和William A. Fowler(1983年諾貝爾物理學獎得主)。

  到1998年為止俄亥俄州立大學運行碩耳射電望遠鏡,世界上最大和使用最長的用於收縮外星智慧的射電望遠鏡。

  The Ohio State University was founded in 1870 as a land-grant university in accordance with the Morrill Act of 1862 under the name of the Ohio Agricultural and Mechanical College. The school was originally situated within a farming community located on the northern edge of Columbus. While some interests in the state had hoped that the new university would focus on matriculating students of various agricultural and mechanical disciplines, Governor Rutherford B. Hayes foresaw a more classic, comprehensive university, and manipulated both the university's location and its initial board of trustees towards that end. Later that year, the university welcomed its first class of 24 students. In 1878, and in light of its expanded focus, the college permanently changed its name to the now-familiar "The Ohio State University" (with the article "The" as part of its official name).[1][2]

  Ohio State began accepting graduate students in the 1880s, and, in 1891, the school saw the founding of its law school, Moritz College of Law. It would later acquire colleges of medicine, dentistry, commerce and journalism in subsequent years.

  Although development had been hindered in the 1870s by hostility from the state's agricultural interests and competition for resources from Miami University and Ohio University, both issues were eventually resolved. In 1906, Ohio State's status as the state's flagship campus was written into law by the Ohio legislature through the Eagleson Bill. In 1916, Ohio State was elected into membership in the Association of American Universities.

俄亥俄州立大學的教學科研

  Ohio State’s faculty currently includes a Nobel Prize-winning physicist, twenty-one members of the National Academy of Sciences or National Academy of Engineering, four members of the Institute of Medicine,[3]and 159 elected fellows of the American Association for the Advancement of Science. In 2008, seventeen Ohio State faculty were elected as AAAS Fellows. Each year since 2002, Ohio State has either led or been second amongst all American universities in the number of their faculty elected as fellows to the AAAS..[4][1]

  In a recent study by Harvard University's Graduate School of Education, Ohio State was one of five universities rated as "exemplary" workplaces for junior faculty. In the study, thirty-one universities and eleven liberal arts colleges were evaluated on tenure clarity and fairness, nature of work including workloads, quality of students, and teaching environment, compensation, work and family balance, collegiality and overall satisfaction.[5]

  In the last quarter century, thirty-two Ohio State faculty members have been awarded the prestigious Guggenheim Fellowship, which is more than all other public and private Ohio universities combined. In 2008, three Ohio State faculty were awarded Guggenheim Fellowships, placing Ohio State among the top 15 universities in the nation.[6]Since the 2000/2001 award year, fifty-five Ohio State faculty members have been named as Fulbright Fellows, the highest of any Ohio university.[7]

  In a 2007 report released by the National Science Foundation, Ohio State’s research expenditures for 2006 were $652 million, placing it 7th among public universities and 11th overall, also ranking 3rd among all American universities for private industry sponsored research. Research expenditures at Ohio State are $720 million in 2007. Ohio State also announced in 2006, that it would be designating at least $110 million of its research efforts to what it termed "fundamental concerns" such as research towards a cure for cancer, renewable energy sources and sustainable drinking water supplies.[8]

OSU的文化生活

  體育、俱樂部和傳統

  OSU參加與其它大學比賽的運動隊稱為“橡樹隊”,俄亥俄州立大學的運動隊參加全美大學生體育協會和十大聯盟。學校的顏色是猩紅色和灰色。

  OSU美國足球隊於2002年獲得大學足球賽冠軍,這是他們繼1942年、1954年、1957年和1968年後第五次獲冠軍。

  OSU的運動隊(尤其足球隊)與密歇根大學的運動隊是最強烈的對手。

  OSU的年書在1970年代初陷入財政困境,其出版組織破產停刊。1985年到1994年重新出版後又停刊,從2000年開始又開始出版。

  OSU的進行曲樂隊也是其傳統之一,是世界上最大的銅管樂隊。

  OSU的電動汽車“橡樹子彈”於2004年10月3日在猶他州以437.3千米/小時的速度創電動汽車世界紀錄。此外它還以506.9km/h創美國紀錄。這輛車是該大學汽車研究和智慧交通中心的一組工程學生研製的。

  OSU有一個電視臺和兩個廣播電臺,從2003年開始其電視臺開始播送高清晰度電視,此外它還有一個學生組織的互聯網電臺和一個網路電視臺。學校的校報叫《燈》。

OSU組織

University Hall
放大
University Hall

  俄亥俄州立大學由以下學院、學校和校園組成:

參考文獻

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