俄亥俄州立大学

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俄亥俄州立大学(OSU)
俄亥俄州立大学(OSU) 目前是美国最大的大学

俄亥俄州立大学官方网站网址:http://www.osu.edu/

目录

俄亥俄州立大学简介

  俄亥俄州立大学(Ohio State University,OSU)是一所四年制公立大学,成立于1870年。俄亥俄州立大学它由哥伦布的主校园和位于利马、曼斯菲尔德、马里恩、直布罗陀岛、纽瓦克和渥斯特的五所分校组成。它的宠物是一颗橡树。此大学现被《美国新闻与世界报道》杂志评为公立学校中第19名,所有学校中前60名,并是俄亥俄州排名第一的公立学校。

  OSU以优良传统的校风及学术研究上的竞争力享誉全美,学校的硬件设施很完善,无论是应用在学术上或是休闲活动上的,均十分良好,如:附设医院、行政大楼、图书馆、及可容纳90,000人的体育馆、自有的农场等。

  OSU共有十多个学院,医学院、建筑院、文学院、文学和科学学院、生命科学学院、商学院、教育学院、工程学院、牙科学院、环境和自然资源学院、食品、农业和环境科学学院、人类生态学院、人文学院、法学院、公共健康学院、社会和行为科学学院、兽医学院、以及研究生院等等。学生选修最多的学科,依次是商科管理(19%)、工程(10%)、社会科学(9%)、教育(9%)、大众传播(9%)。OSU的学期制度采用学季制Quarter,因此在俄亥俄州立大学攻读硕士学位,在时间约1年半到2年左右的时间,便可完成学位归国。

  OSU的MBA项目具有自己的特色,注重小班教学,课程设置强调学生在实践中学习的能力。学生和教师之间有很多机会进行交流。教师都具有丰富的学术和商业实践经验,担任着商业顾问、董事会成员等职务,传授给学生的是最新的理论和实战经验。

  目前俄亥俄州立大学在哥伦布的主校园是美国最大的单个校园,50,995学生在这里上学。俄亥俄州立大学的语言学系和商业、教育、政治学、舞蹈和工程学院也很著名。医学院的詹姆斯癌症医院是美国最先进的癌症研究所之一。著名的威克斯纳艺术中心也位于哥伦布校园中。

俄亥俄州立大学的历史

  1870年俄亥俄农业和机械学院成立,1873年开始接受学生。这所学校一开始位于哥伦布市外,其主要专业是农业和机械。俄亥俄州后来决定扩大教育范围,从1878年开始这个大学改名位俄亥俄州立大学。

  俄亥俄州立大学的校友中包括两名诺贝尔奖获得者,Paul Flory(1974年诺贝尔化学奖得主)和William A. Fowler(1983年诺贝尔物理学奖得主)。

  到1998年为止俄亥俄州立大学运行硕耳射电望远镜,世界上最大和使用最长的用于收缩外星智慧的射电望远镜。

  The Ohio State University was founded in 1870 as a land-grant university in accordance with the Morrill Act of 1862 under the name of the Ohio Agricultural and Mechanical College. The school was originally situated within a farming community located on the northern edge of Columbus. While some interests in the state had hoped that the new university would focus on matriculating students of various agricultural and mechanical disciplines, Governor Rutherford B. Hayes foresaw a more classic, comprehensive university, and manipulated both the university's location and its initial board of trustees towards that end. Later that year, the university welcomed its first class of 24 students. In 1878, and in light of its expanded focus, the college permanently changed its name to the now-familiar "The Ohio State University" (with the article "The" as part of its official name).[1][2]

  Ohio State began accepting graduate students in the 1880s, and, in 1891, the school saw the founding of its law school, Moritz College of Law. It would later acquire colleges of medicine, dentistry, commerce and journalism in subsequent years.

  Although development had been hindered in the 1870s by hostility from the state's agricultural interests and competition for resources from Miami University and Ohio University, both issues were eventually resolved. In 1906, Ohio State's status as the state's flagship campus was written into law by the Ohio legislature through the Eagleson Bill. In 1916, Ohio State was elected into membership in the Association of American Universities.

俄亥俄州立大学的教学科研

  Ohio State’s faculty currently includes a Nobel Prize-winning physicist, twenty-one members of the National Academy of Sciences or National Academy of Engineering, four members of the Institute of Medicine,[3]and 159 elected fellows of the American Association for the Advancement of Science. In 2008, seventeen Ohio State faculty were elected as AAAS Fellows. Each year since 2002, Ohio State has either led or been second amongst all American universities in the number of their faculty elected as fellows to the AAAS..[4][1]

  In a recent study by Harvard University's Graduate School of Education, Ohio State was one of five universities rated as "exemplary" workplaces for junior faculty. In the study, thirty-one universities and eleven liberal arts colleges were evaluated on tenure clarity and fairness, nature of work including workloads, quality of students, and teaching environment, compensation, work and family balance, collegiality and overall satisfaction.[5]

  In the last quarter century, thirty-two Ohio State faculty members have been awarded the prestigious Guggenheim Fellowship, which is more than all other public and private Ohio universities combined. In 2008, three Ohio State faculty were awarded Guggenheim Fellowships, placing Ohio State among the top 15 universities in the nation.[6]Since the 2000/2001 award year, fifty-five Ohio State faculty members have been named as Fulbright Fellows, the highest of any Ohio university.[7]

  In a 2007 report released by the National Science Foundation, Ohio State’s research expenditures for 2006 were $652 million, placing it 7th among public universities and 11th overall, also ranking 3rd among all American universities for private industry sponsored research. Research expenditures at Ohio State are $720 million in 2007. Ohio State also announced in 2006, that it would be designating at least $110 million of its research efforts to what it termed "fundamental concerns" such as research towards a cure for cancer, renewable energy sources and sustainable drinking water supplies.[8]

OSU的文化生活

  体育、俱乐部和传统

  OSU参加与其它大学比赛的运动队称为“橡树队”,俄亥俄州立大学的运动队参加全美大学生体育协会和十大联盟。学校的颜色是猩红色和灰色。

  OSU美国足球队于2002年获得大学足球赛冠军,这是他们继1942年、1954年、1957年和1968年后第五次获冠军。

  OSU的运动队(尤其足球队)与密歇根大学的运动队是最强烈的对手。

  OSU的年书在1970年代初陷入财政困境,其出版组织破产停刊。1985年到1994年重新出版后又停刊,从2000年开始又开始出版。

  OSU的进行曲乐队也是其传统之一,是世界上最大的铜管乐队。

  OSU的电动汽车“橡树子弹”于2004年10月3日在犹他州以437.3千米/小时的速度创电动汽车世界纪录。此外它还以506.9km/h创美国纪录。这辆车是该大学汽车研究和智慧交通中心的一组工程学生研制的。

  OSU有一个电视台和两个广播电台,从2003年开始其电视台开始播送高清晰度电视,此外它还有一个学生组织的互联网电台和一个网络电视台。学校的校报叫《灯》。

OSU组织

University Hall
放大
University Hall

  俄亥俄州立大学由以下学院、学校和校园组成:

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