装船通知

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装船通知(Shipping Advice)

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什么是装船通知

  装船通知也叫装运通知,主要指的是出口商在货物装船后发给进口方的包括货物详细装运情况的通知,其目的在于让进口商做好筹措资金、付款和接货的准备,如成交条件为FOB/FCACFR/CPT等还需要向进口国保险公司发出该通知以便其为进口商办理货物保险手续,出口装船通知应按合同信用证规定的时间发出,该通知副本(copy of telex/fax)常作为向银行交单议付的单据之一;在进口方派船接货的交易条件下,进口商为了使船、货衔接得当也会向出口方发出有关通知;通知以英文制作,无统一格式,内容一定要符合信用证的规定,一般只提供一份。

装船通知的主要内容

  1.单据名称。主要体现为:Shipping/Shipment Advice, Advice of shipment等,也有人将其称为shipping statement/declaration,如信用证有具体要求,从其规定。

  2.通知对象。应按信用证规定,具体讲可以是开证申请人、申请人的指定人或保险公司等。

  3.通知内容。主要包括所发运货物的合同号或信用证号、品名、数量、金额、运输工具名称、开航日期、启运地和目的地提运单号码运输标志等,并且与其它相关单据保持一致,如信用证提出具体项目要求,应严格按规定出单。此外通知中还可能出现包装说明、ETD(船舶预离港时间)、ETA(船舶预抵港时间)、 ETC(预计开始装船时间)等内容。

  4.制作和发出日期。日期不能超过信用证约定的时间,常见的有以小时为准(Within 24/48 hours)和以天(within 2 days after shipment date)为准两种情形,信用证没有规定时应在装船后立即发出,如信用证规定“Immediately after shipment”(装船后立即通知),应掌握在提单后三天之内。

  5.签署。一般可以不签署,如信用证要求“certified copy of shipping advice”,通常加盖受益人条形章。

缮制装船通知应注意的事项

  1. CFR/CPT交易条件下拍发装运通知的必要性。因货物运输和保险分别由不同的当事人操作,所以受益人有义务向申请人对货物装运情况给予及时、充分的通知,以便进口商保险,否则如漏发通知,则货物越过船舷后的风险仍由受益人承担。

  2. 通知应按规定的方式、时间、内容、份数发出。

  3. 几个近似概念的区别。shipping advice(装运通知)是由出口商(受益人)发给进口商(申请人)的;shipping instructions 意思是“装运须知”,一般是进口商发给出口商的;shipping note/ bill指装货通知单/船货清单;shipping order简称S/O,含义是装货单/关单/下货纸(是海关放行和命令船方将单据上载明的货物装船的文件)。

信用证中有关装船通知条款分析

  1. ORIGINAL FAX FROM BENEFICIARY TO OUR APPLICANT EVIDENCING B/L NO.,NAME OF SHIP,SHIPMENT DATE,QUANTITY AND VALUE OF GOODS.其要求应向申请人提交正本通知一份,通知上列明提单号、船名、装运日期、货物的数量和金额。制作单据时只要按所列项目操作即可。

  2. INSURANCE EFFECTED IN IRAN BY IRAN INSURANCE CO.,THE NAME OF INSURANCE CO. AND THE POLICY NO. XXX DD.--- HAVE TO BE MENTIONED ON B/L, SHIPMENT ADVICE TO BE MADE TO SAID INSURANCE CO. VIA TLX NO. XXX INDICATING POLICY NO. AND DETAILS OF SHIPMENT,A COPY OF WHICH IS TO BE ACCOMPANIED BY THE ORIGINAL DOCS. 该条款要求货物的保险由伊朗保险公司办理,提单上应明确保险公司的名称、保单号码和出单日期,所出的装运通知则应标明保险公司名称、电传号码、保单号码和货物的详细情况,电抄副本随正本单据向银行提交。

  3. SHIPMENT ADVICE WITH FULL DETAILS INCLUDING SHIPPING MARKS,CTN NUMBERS,VESSEL'S NAME,B/L NUMBER,VALUE AND QUANTITY OF GOODS MUST BE SENT ON THE DATE OF SHIPMENT TO US. 该项规定要求装运通知应列明包括运输标志、箱号、船名、提单号、货物金额和数量在内的详细情况,并在货物发运当天寄开证行

  4. BENEFICIARY MUST FAX ADVISE TO THE APPLICANT FOR THE PARTICULARS BEFORE SHIPMENT EFFECTED AND A COPY OF THE ADVICE SHOULD BE PRESENTED FOR NEGOTIATION. 根据这条规定,受益人发出的装运通知的方式是传真,发出时间是在货物装运前,传真副本做为议付单据提交。

  5. INSURANCE COVERED BY OPENERS. ALL SHIPMENTS UNDER THIS CREDIT MUST BE ADVISED BY YOU IMMEDIATELY AFTER SHIPMENT DIRECT TO M/S ABC INSURANCE CO. AND TO THE OPENERS REFERRING TO COVER NOTE NO CA364 GIVING FULL DETAILS OF SHIPMENT. A COPY OF THIS ADVICE TO ACCOMPANY EACH SET OF DOCUMENTS. 该条款要求保险由申请人负责,货物装运后由受益人直接发通知给ABC保险公司和申请人,通知上应注明号码为CA364的暂保单,并说明货物的详细情况。每次交单都应随附该通知副本。

  6. BENEFICIARY’S CERTIFIED COPY OF FAX SENT TO APPLICANT WITHIN 48 HOURS AFTER SHIPMENT INDICATING CONTRACT NO. L/C NO. GOODS NAME,QUANTITY,INVOICE VALUE,VESSEL’S NAME,PACKAGE/CONTAINER NO., LOADING PORT ,SHIPPING DATE AND ETA. 按这条信用证要求,受益人出具的装运通知必须签署,通知应在发货后48小时内发出,具体通知内容为合同号、信用证号、品名、数量、发票金额、船名、箱/集装箱号、装货港、装运日期和船舶预抵港时间。受益人应严格按所要求的内容缮制。

  7. SHIPMENT ADVICE QUOTING THE NAME OF THE CARRYING VESSEL,DATE OF SHIPMENT,NUMBER OF PACKAGES, SHIPPING MARKS ,AMOUNT,LETTER OF CREDIT NUMBER, POLICY NUMBER MUST BE SENT TO APPLICANT BY FAX,COPIES OF TRANSMITTED SHIPMENT ADVICE ACCOMPANIED BY FAX TRANSMISSION REPORT MUST ACCOMPANY THE DOCUMENTS. 表明船名、装船日期、包装号、唛头、金额、信用证号、保险单号的装船通知必须由受益人传真给开证人,装船通知和传真副本以及发送传真的电讯报告必须随附议付单据提交。

  8. BENEFICIARY'S CERTIFICATE CERTIFYING THAT THEY HAVE DESPATCHED THE SHIPMENT ADVICE TO APPLICANT BY FAX(FAX NO 2838-0983) WITHIN 1 DAY AFTER B/L DATE ADVISING SHIPMENT DETAILS INCLUDING CONTRACT NO, INVOICE VALUE, NAME OF THE VESSEL, LOADPORT, QUANTITY GOODS LOADED, B/L DATE, THE VESSEL MOVEMENT INCLUDING TIME OF ARRIVAL, TIME OF BERTHED, TIME OF START LOADING, TIME OF FINISH LOADING AND DEPARTURE TIME FROM DALIAN AND THIS CREDIT NO.这条规定来自香港的某份信用证,其对装船通知的要求是:装运货物后一天内受益人通过传真加以通知,内容包括:合同号、发票金额、船名、装港、货物数量、提单日,包括抵达时间、靠泊时间、开始装货时间、装货完毕时间和驶离大连港的时间等船舶的航行轨迹和本信用证号码。  

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