加拿大石油公司

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加拿大石油公司(Petro-Canada)
加拿大石油公司(Petro-Canada) TSX: PCA, NYSE: PCZ

加拿大石油公司官方網站網址:http://www.petro-canada.com/ 英文

加拿大石油公司官方網站網址:http://www.petrocanada.cn/ 中文

目錄

加拿大石油公司簡介

  加拿大政府在1975年成立的Petro-Canada公司是加拿大最大的燃油和燃氣公司,其擁有超過60億加元(300多億人民幣)的固定資產。當時成立的目的是為降低美國公司在加拿大石油工業的統治地位。Petro-Canada在成立之初從加拿大政府手中接受了大量的油氣資源,不過後來評論家們指責Petro- Canada在配置這些資源時的低效以及干涉私人公司的業務。1991年,加拿大政府開始對Petro-Canada進行私有化改革,2004年底,加拿大政府出售了其在該公司中剩餘20%的股權。

  加拿大國營石油公司主要分兩個產業

  1、上游產業:主要負責原油探測、開采及銷售原油、天然氣液化天然氣

  2、下游產業:主要負責原油煉製和銷售其石油產品。

  加拿大國營石油公司潤滑油部生產350多種各種包裝的潤滑油品,包括:汽車用、工業用、特殊用等油品及潤滑脂,其銷售遍佈歐美等地六十多個國家。其獲得ISO09001QS9000等認證,保證其質量得可靠性

  加拿大國營石油公司自1970年開始用二段加氫技術生產基礎油並用於各類潤滑油得調合,使其潤滑油品性能迫近全合成油品得品質。經多年得技術發展,我們得基礎油純度已達到99.9%(全合成為100%)——這是普通煉油廠無法達到的水平。

  正因為如此,我們以無可倫比的質量使廣大用戶受惠和成為了其他油品的發展榜樣。

  加拿大國營石油公司潤滑油只在加拿大安大略省密西沙哥調合及包裝,只使用統一之PETRO-CANADA註冊商標,並無其他廠家包裝及其他商標使用。該潤滑油進入中國市場以來,以其很高的質價比而深受客戶歡迎 ,因為總營運成本的降低使他們得到真正的實惠!

公司在加拿大卡尔加里的总部
放大
公司在加拿大卡爾加里的總部

加拿大國營石油公司歷史

  Petro-Canada was founded as a Crown Corporation in 1975 by an act of Parliament. Most of the original Petro-Canada stations were British Petroleum Canada (BP Canada) dealers, and BP disappeared from the retail scene in Canada soon after. Later, Petro-Canada acquired the Canadian retail stations of Gulf and Fina.

  Canada's large oil reserves had long been under the control of American corporations who geared most of their production towards the American market, and sent their profits south. After the oil shock of 1973 oil prices quadrupled, but little of the benefit was going to Canadians. The motion to create a publicly-run oil company was introduced by the New Democratic Party in 1973, Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau's Liberals were then in a minority government and dependent upon the support of the NDP to stay in power. The idea also fit with Trudeau's economic nationalism.

  The company was given $1.5 billion in start-up money and easy access to new sources of capital. It was set up in Calgary, despite the hostility of that city's population and existing oil firms. Its first president was Liberal operative Maurice Strong. The government maintained closer controls over Petro-Canada than was usual for a Crown Corporation so they could use it as a policy tool. The Progressive Conservative Party, led by Albertan Joe Clark, was an opponent of the company, and advocated breaking it up and selling it. The Tories were unable to proceed with these plans during their brief time in power in 1979-1980, however.

  The company became popular outside Alberta as a symbol of Canadian nationalism. The federal government and Petro-Canada tried to re-inforce this popularity nationwide (but especially in Calgary) through its prominent sponsorship of the city's successful 1988 Winter Olympics bid. It quickly grew to be one of the largest players in the traditional oil fields of the west as well as in the tar sands and the East coast offshore oil fields.

  When the Liberals returned to power in 1980, energy policy was an important focus, and the sweeping National Energy Program was created. This expanded Petro-Canada, but it was detrimental to Alberta's economy. The government of Prime Minister Brian Mulroney (1984-1993) stopped using Petro-Canada as a policy tool, and it began to compete fully and successfully with the private sector companies.

  In 1990, the government announced its intention to privatize Petro-Canada and the first shares were sold on the open market in July 1991, at $13 each. The government began to slowly privatize the company, selling its majority control, but keeping a 20% stake in the company. No other shareholder is allowed to own more than 10%, however. Also foreigners cannot control more than 25% of the company.

  During the first year, the value of the shares gradually dropped to $8 as Petro-Canada suffered a huge loss of $603 million, primarily because of the devaluation of some assets. The newly-private company significantly reduced the number of properties in which it had a direct interest. It reduced its annual operating costs by $300 million and it went from a staff of close to 11,000 to only about 5,000 employees. Many of these laid off employees went on to work and start up other oil companies in Alberta creating a new group of Canadian producers.

  In his 2004 federal budget, Finance Minister Ralph Goodale pledged to sell the government's remaining stake in the company.

  Petro-Canada is Canada’s second-largest downstream company with refining and supply operations, retail and marketing networks, and a specialty lubricants business. It has a loyalty program called Petro Points where the customers get points for fuel, car repair and store purchases. It teamed up with Citibank for a Petro Points MasterCard. One of the benefits is 2 cents off a litre for fuel purchases and Petro Points for all purchases on the card. Petro-Canada also runs a chain of car repair with their stations called Certigard Car Repair.

  Today Petro-Canada is Canada's 11th largest company with important interests in such projects as Hibernia, Terra Nova, and White Rose; its gas stations remain a presence in most Canadian cities. It owns refineries in Edmonton, Alberta (135,000 bpd) and Montreal, Quebec (155,000 bpd), accounting for 16% of the Canadian industry’s total refining capacity. Its lubricants plant in Mississauga, Ontario refines crude oil feedstock to produce lubricating oil-based stocks and other specialized products.

  The company has expanded internationally and is involved in several foreign projects, especially in Algeria, the Netherlands, Tunisia, the United Kingdom, Syria, Italy, Libya, Trinidad and Tobago, and Venezuela. These and all the other sites outside of North America are run by the International Business Unit of Petro-Canada with its headquarters in London Bridge, London.

  Its main gasoline additive is Tactrol.

  In 2006 the company entered the mobile phone market with a pre-paid service called Petro-Canada Mobility.

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評論(共2條)

提示:評論內容為網友針對條目"加拿大石油公司"展開的討論,與本站觀點立場無關。
116.228.4.* 在 2009年12月10日 11:40 發表

信息有錯,加拿大石油為有中文官網網站。而且也未授權經銷商做網站。那個所謂的中文網,是其第一代經銷商自己未經授權情況下做的。加拿大石油中國區總經銷,需要到加拿大石油潤滑油官網查詢。http://lubricants.petro-canada.ca/default.aspx

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苦行者 (討論 | 貢獻) 在 2009年12月10日 11:49 發表

116.228.4.* 在 2009年12月10日 11:40 發表

信息有錯,加拿大石油為有中文官網網站。而且也未授權經銷商做網站。那個所謂的中文網,是其第一代經銷商自己未經授權情況下做的。加拿大石油中國區總經銷,需要到加拿大石油潤滑油官網查詢。http://lubricants.petro-canada.ca/default.aspx

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