罗伯特·威尔逊

用手机看条目

出自 MBA智库百科(https://wiki.mbalib.com/)

罗伯特·威尔逊 (Robert Wilson)
放大
罗伯特·威尔逊 (Robert Wilson)

罗伯特·威尔逊 (Robert Wilson,1937年-):产业组织理论早期代表人物之一,拍卖与竞标机制设计的权威学者

目录

罗伯特·威尔逊简介

  罗伯特•威尔逊1963年获得哈佛大学商业管理博士学位。。威尔逊曾当选为美国科学院院士(1994)和世界计量经济学会主席(1999)。现任斯坦福大学商学院教授。

  其研究与教学涉及市场设计、定价、谈判、及有关产业组织与信息经济学的相关主题。他是一个博弈论专家。作为产业组织理论早期代表人物之一,他在价格理论、市场设计等领域作出了突出贡献。

罗伯特·威尔逊的研究领域与贡献

  从1970年代起,威尔逊从事博弈论研究,并作出了重要贡献,尤其是他和克莱珀斯(Kreps)一起提出的序贯均衡概念(Kreps&Wilson1982),是对不完全信息动态博弈的解的概念的重要突破。

  从1980年代起,威尔逊对于拍卖机制设计的理论与应用的研究取得重要成果,成为电信、交通和能源等领域的拍卖与竞标机制设计的权威学者。1993年,威尔逊的价格机制研究的集大成之作《非线性定价》由牛津大学出版社出版,该书对费率设计和电信、交通和能源等公用事业相关主题进行了百科全书式的分析,该权威著作为他赢得了很高荣誉。

罗伯特·威尔逊的经历

  瑞典皇家科学院宣布:R.威尔逊和彭齐亚斯1964年的发现“已经使人们有可能获得很久以前宇宙诞生时所发生的宇宙过程的信息”。贝尔实验室的这两位射电天文学家原打算利用喇叭形天线和激光扫描仪来精确测量包围着我们的银河系的气晕所发射的无线电流。当调准他们的装置时,他们发现了一些更重要的东西——灾变火球或大爆炸的微弱的回波。大约在150~200亿年以前,正是在这种大爆炸中产生了化学元素。

  在1929年天文学上一个较早期的重大发现中,哈勃(Hubble)研究了遥远星系所发出的光的红移,他发现红移量与距离成正比。按照多普勒原理,这意味着星系越远,它离开地球的运动越快。这一结果使得理论家们,特别是G.伽莫夫提出,宇宙是从一次大爆炸开始的。在大爆炸中,高温高压火球变成现在如此广泛弥漫于空间的物质。随着辐射膨胀,它的温度在经过一段时期(按照哈勃关系计算约为180亿年)后从300K降到3K。威尔逊和彭齐亚斯的测量证实了这种背景辐射的存在。因此支持了大爆炸理论。

  威尔逊于1936年生于得克萨斯州的休斯敦。作为赖斯大学的学生,由于少年时期对电子学的爱好,他起初攻读电机工程学,后来改读物理学。1962年,他以射电天文学方面的论文获得加州理工学院的哲学博士学位。次年,他成为射电天文学研究员。现在,他是贝尔电话实验室无线电物理部的主任。该部有14个人,他们除了从事射电天文学的研究外还从事微波固体器件、集成电路方面的研究。威尔逊特别对通过毫米波测量星际分子来研究银河系中的暗云感兴趣。威尔逊太太贝特西(Betsy)说过,她对他的工作很理解,因为她的父亲也是一个科学家。威尔逊夫妇有三个孩子。

Robert B. Wilson

  Robert Wilson is the Adams Distinguished Professor of Management, Emeritus, at the Stanford Business School, where he has been on the faculty since 1964. His research and teaching are on market design, pricing, negotiation, and related topics concerning industrial organization and information economics. He is an expert on game theory and its applications.

  Dr. Wilson has been a major contributor to auction designs and competitive bidding strategies in the oil, communication, and power industries, and to the design of innovative pricing schemes. His work on pricing of priority service for electric power has been implemented in the utility industry. His book on Nonlinear Pricing (Oxford Press, 1993) is an encyclopedic analysis of tariff design and related topics for public utilities, including power, communications, and transport; it won the 1995 Leo Melamed Prize, awarded biannually by the University of Chicago for “outstanding scholarship by a business professor.” His work on game theory includes wage bargaining and strikes, and in legal contexts, settlement negotiations. He has authored some of the basic studies of reputational effects in predatory pricing, price wars, and other competitive battles.

  He has published approximately a hundred articles in professional journals and books since completing the Bachelor, Master, and Doctoral degrees at Harvard College and the Harvard Business School. He has been an associate editor of several journals, and delivered several public lectures. He is an elected member of the National Academy of Sciences, a designated distinguished fellow of the American Economic Association, and a fellow, former officer and Council member of the Econometric Society. The Norwegian School of Economics and Business Administration conferred an honorary Doctor of Economics degree in 1986, and the University of Chicago, an honorary Doctor of Laws degree in 1995.

  On problems of pricing strategy, he has advised the U.S. Department of the Interior and oil companies (on bidding for offshore leases), the Electric Power Research Institute (on pricing of electric power, design of priority service systems, design of wholesale markets, funding of basic research, and risk analysis of environmental hazards and climate change), and the Xerox Palo Alto Research Center (on pricing product lines in high technology industries). With Paul Milgrom he designed for Pacific Bell the auction of spectrum licenses adopted by the FCC, and subsequently worked on the bidding strategy team, and later for other firms. He contributed to the designs of the power exchange and auctions of ancillary services in California, and he has continued to advise EPRI, the California Power Exchange, the California, New England, and Ontario System Operators, the Canadian Competition Bureau, Energy Ministries of several countries, and others involved in the design of auctions for electricity, power and gas transmission, and telecommunications in the U.S. and elsewhere. His designs of other auctions have been adopted by private firms. He has been an expert witness on antitrust and securities matters.

Major Works of Robert B. Wilson

  • "Information, Efficiency and the Core of an Economy", 1978, Econometrica
  • "Reputation and Imperfect Information", with D.M. Kreps, 1982, JET
  • "Sequential Equilibria", with D.M. Kreps, 1982, Econometrica
  • "Rational Cooperation in the Finitely Repeated Prisoners' Dilemma", with D.M. Kreps, P. Milgrom, J. Roberts, 1982, JET
  • "Incentive Efficiency of Double Auctions", 1985, Econometrica
本条目对我有帮助1
MBA智库APP

扫一扫,下载MBA智库APP

分享到:
  如果您认为本条目还有待完善,需要补充新内容或修改错误内容,请编辑条目

本条目由以下用户参与贡献

funwmy,Zfj3000,Vulture,Kane0135,Angle Roh,Cabbage,泡芙小姐,LuyinT.

评论(共0条)

提示:评论内容为网友针对条目"罗伯特·威尔逊"展开的讨论,与本站观点立场无关。

发表评论请文明上网,理性发言并遵守有关规定。

MBA智库
打开APP

以上内容根据网友推荐自动排序生成