奥利弗·哈特

用手机看条目

出自 MBA智库百科(https://wiki.mbalib.com/)

(重定向自哈特)
奥利弗·哈特(Oliver Hart)
放大
奥利弗·哈特(Oliver Hart)
奥利弗·哈特(Oliver Hart,1948-)2016年诺贝尔经济学奖获得者、哈佛大学经济系主任、经济学教授、不完全合约理论的开创者,

目录

人物简介

  奥利弗·哈特(Oliver Simon D'Arcy Hart)哈佛大学Andrew E. Furer经济学教授,美国经济学家,经济计量学会、美国人文与科学院院士,英国科学院院士,不完全合约理论的开创者之一。他至今仍是该领域的领军人物之一。

  他是美国计量经济学会会员、美国文理科学院院士,以及英国国家学术院会员。他还担任美国法律和经济学协会会长,美国经济学会副会长,并拥有多个荣誉学位。

人物生平

  哈特在英国出生,1969年获剑桥大学国王学院数学学士学位,1972年于华威大学获经济学硕士学位。

  1974年获得普林斯顿大学经济学博士学位。后成为伦敦经济学院的教授以及剑桥丘吉尔学院研究员。

  1984年,他回到美国,在那里他曾任教于麻省理工学院,1993年以来任教于哈佛大学。2000年到2003年任哈佛大学经济学系主任。

  哈特教授自2006年起,出任上海交通大学高级学术顾问。

  2016年,哈特凭借“在契约理论方面的贡献”与芬兰经济学家本特·霍姆斯特罗姆共同获得当年的诺贝尔经济学奖

研究方向与著作

  奥利弗·哈特研究领域涉及微观经济理论、数理经济学企业理论组织、合约理论、企业财务结构、法学与经济学。哈特在企业理论上作出过突出贡献,他与格罗斯曼(Hart&Grossman1986)以及与穆尔的论文(Hart&Moore,1990)奠定了当代企业理论的基础,并为企业理论确立了一个基于合约理论的分析框架。他的《企业、合约与财务结构》(1995)已是企业理论的经典教科书。此外,哈特是不完全合约理论的开创者之一,他至今仍是该领域的领军人物之一。

  他关注契约理论、企业理论、公司金融法律经济学等研究领域,是合同理论、现代厂商理论和公司财务理论的创立者之一。专著《企业、合同与财务结构》是其代表作,书中他进一步发展了产权理论,提出了“不完全合同”理论。他认为,合同双方不可能完全明晰所有可能情况中的权利与义务,这会影响到权利和控制的配置。他认为,企业财务合同与结构安排只有在这种理论下才能最合理的分析,财务工具可视为产权安排的工具。这个理论与旧产权理论有着重要不同,也引发了很大争议。

Oliver Hart

  Harvard economist and Barcelona GSE Scientific Council member Oliver Hart visited the Ciutadella campus of the School on May 22 to speak on "Hold-up, Asset Ownership, and Reference Points".

  The lecture was part of the Microeconomics and Finance seminar series organized by the UPF Department of Economics and Business, one of the Barcelona GSE's founding academic institutions. On May 21st the seminar series also hosted Johns Hopkins University and University of Oxford Professor Peyton Young, who spoke about "Innovation Diffusion in Heterogeneous Populations".

  As a member of the Barcelona GSE's Scientific Council, Professor Hart joins a team of 30 leading academics who collaborate to ensure that the School offers the highest caliber of teaching and research. The Scientific Council is chaired by Professor Hugo Sonnenschein, former President of the University of Chicago, and includes ten Nobel Economics Laureates.

  Professor Hart received a Ph.D. in economics from Princeton University (1974), an MSc in economics from Warwick University (1972) and a BA in mathematics from Cambridge University (1969). He has been the first Andrew Furer Professor of Economics at Harvard since 1997, where he served as Chair of the Economics Department from 2000-2003. He has also been Centennial Visiting Professor at London School of Economics since 1997. Previously, he has held academic positions at MIT, Wharton, Cambridge, and Essex University.

  In addition to his academic accolades, Professor Hart boasts a long list of professional accomplishments. He is current President of the American Law and Economics Association and Senior Academic Advisor to the Shanghai Jiao Tong University. He is a Fellow of the Econometric Society and of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, and has been granted honorary doctorates from the Free University of Brussels and the University of Basel. He has delivered major lectures at universities and conferences around the world, including the 1988 Fisher-Schultze Lecture of the Econometric Society.

  Professor Hart has served on the Executive Committee and on the Council of the Econometric Society, the American Law and Economics Association, and many others. He has been on the editorial boards of the Journal of Economic Perspectives, The New Palgrave Dictionary of Economics and the Law, Quarterly Journal of Economics, Journal of Economics and Management Strategy, Journal of Accounting, Auditing, and Finance, Games and Economic Behavior, Econometrica, Review of Economic Studies, and the Journal of Economic Theory.

  His main areas of research are theory of the firm, economics theory, and law and economics. He is the author of the book Firms, Contracts, and Financial Structure published by Oxford University Press, and has written numerous articles published in the leading scientific journals, as well as in The Wall Street Journal and the Financial Times.

Biography

  Born in Britain, he earned his B.A. in mathematics at King's College, Cambridge in 1969, his M.A. in economics at University of Warwick in 1972, and his Ph.D. in economics at Princeton University in 1974. He then became a fellow at Churchill College, Cambridge and a professor at the London School of Economics. In 1984, he returned to the U.S., where he taught at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and, since 1993, at Harvard University. He was chairman of the Harvard economics department from 2000 to 2003. He is a Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences and of the Econometric Society, and a Corresponding Fellow of the British Academy. He has been President of the American Law and Economics Association and Vice-President of the American Economic Association, and has several honorary degrees.

  He is an American citizen. He is married to writer Rita B. Goldberg and has two sons and a grandson. He is the son of Philip D'Arcy Hart.

Academics

  He is an expert on contract theory, theory of the firm, corporate finance, and law and economics. His research centers on the roles that ownership structure and contractual arrangements play in the governance and boundaries of corporations.

  • Books
    • Firms, Contracts, and Financial Structure (Oxford University Press, 1995).
  • Selected Articles
    • "On the Optimality of Equilibrium when the Market Structure is Incomplete",Journal of Economic Theory, December 1975,418-443
    • "Takeover Bids, the Free-rider problem, and the Theory of the Corporation" (with Sanford J. Grossman), Bell Journal of Economics, Spring 1980,42-64
    • "An Analysis of the Principal-Agent Problem" (with Sanford J. Grossman), Econometrica (January 1983) 7-46.
    • "The Market Mechanism as an Incentive Scheme," Bell Journal of Economics, 14 (Autumn 1983) 366-82.
    • "The Costs and Benefits of Ownership: A Theory of Vertical and Lateral Integration" (with Sanford J. Grossman), Journal of Political Economy, August 1986,691-719.
    • "One Share-One vote and the Market for Corporate Control" (with Sanford J. Grossman), Journal of Financial Economics, 1988
    • "Incomplete Contracts and Renegotiation" (with John Hardman Moore), Econometrica 56(4) (July 1988).
    • "Property Rights and the Nature of the Firm" (with John Hardman Moore), Journal of Political Economy 98(6) (1990).
    • " A Theory of Debt Based on the Inalienability of Human Capital " with John Hardman Moore, Quarterly Journal of Economics, November 1994,841-879
    • "The Proper Scope of Government: Theory and an Application to Prisons" (with Andrei Shleifer and Robert W. Vishny), Quarterly Journal of Economics 112(4) (1997) 1126-61.
    • "Contracts as Reference Points" ( with John Hardman Moore), Quarterly Journal of Economics, February, 2008,1-48.
本条目对我有帮助28

分享到:
  如果您认为本条目还有待完善,需要补充新内容或修改错误内容,请编辑条目

本条目由以下用户参与贡献

Cabbage,Yixi,五月下雪天,Dan,Mis铭,苏青荇.

评论(共0条)

提示:评论内容为网友针对条目"奥利弗·哈特"展开的讨论,与本站观点立场无关。

发表评论请文明上网,理性发言并遵守有关规定。

MBA智库
打开APP

以上内容根据网友推荐自动排序生成