伯格·沃納菲爾特

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伯格·沃纳菲尔特(Birger Wernerfelt)
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伯格·沃納菲爾特(Birger Wernerfelt)

伯格·沃納菲爾特(Birger Wernerfelt):

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伯格·沃納菲爾特簡介

  伯格·沃納菲爾特(Birger Wernerfelt)哥本哈根大學的哲學學士、經濟學碩士,哈佛大學工商管理博士。曾任A/S CREOLE的副總裁,後到哥本哈根大學美國密歇根大學美國西北大學任教。現就職麻省理工學院斯隆管理學院管理科學教授,博士委員會成員。

  沃納菲爾特發表管理、經濟論文無數。其中,1984年在“企業資源基礎理論”中,提出企業是一個資源集合體,企業擁有或者控制的資源影響著企業的競爭優勢和收益水平,企業成長戰略的實質就是在現有資源運用和新資源培育之間尋求平衡。該文的發表,標志著企業核心競爭力理論的興起。

  Birger Wernerfelt is an economist and management theorist. He is the JC Penney Professor of Management and head of the PhD Program at the MIT Sloan School of Management.

  A Danish citizen, Wernerfelt has degrees from the University of Copenhagen and Harvard. Prior to coming to MIT in 1989, he was employed by the University of Copenhagen, the University of Michigan and Northwestern University. He is married to Harvard Professor Cynthia Montgomery.

伯格·沃納菲爾特的貢獻

  Wernerfelt is best known for “A Resource-based View of the Firm” (1984), which is one of the most cited papers in the social sciences. Based on the premise that firms are heterogeneous, the article characterizes sustainable differences (resources), suggests that optimal competitive strategies are based on these resources, and describes how current resources can be used to develop new ones.

  In the last several years, he has been working on implications and foundations of the “Adjustment-cost Theory of the Firm” (1997). The theory portrays the employment relationship as an attempt to exploit economies of scale in bargaining costs: The employer and the employee share the benefits of negotiating a single average price (wage) for a sequence of transactions instead of individual prices for each of them. The wedge in costs allows the parties to sustain an implicit contract with at-will options to fire and quit. The original article proposes that the scope of the firm be defined by the employment relationship.

  In later works, Wernerfelt has developed the theory to show that the employer should own most of the productive assets, that incentives are weaker inside firms, and that more information is communicated within than between firms.

伯格·沃納菲爾特的學術選讀

  • “A Resource-based View of the Firm”, Strategic Management Journal 5, no. 2, April-June, pp. 171-80, 1984.
  • “Tobin’s q and the Importance of Focus in Firm Performance”, (with Cynthia A. Montgomery), American Economic Review, 78, no. 1, March, pp. 246-50, 1988
  • “Diversification, Ricardian Rents, and Tobin’s q”, (with Cynthia A. Montgomery), RAND Journal of Economics, 19, no. 4, Winter, pp. 623-32, 1988
  • “Umbrella Branding as a Signal of New Product Quality: An Example of Signalling by Posting a Bond”, RAND Journal of Economics, 19, no. 3, Autumn, pp. 458-66, 1988
  • “General Equilibrium with Real Time Search in Labor and Product Markets”, Journal of Political Economy, 96, no. 3, August, pp. 821-31, 1988
  • “On the Nature and Scope of the Firm: An Adjustment-Cost Theory”, Journal of Business, 70, no. 4, October, pp. 489-514, 1997
  • “Why Should the Boss Own the Assets?”, Journal of Economics and Management Strategy, 11, no. 3, Fall, pp. 473-85, 2002
  • “Determinants of Asset Ownership: A Study of the Carpentry Trade” (with Duncan I. Simester), Review of Economics and Statistics, 87, no. 1, February, pp. 50-58, 2005
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