SPSS

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SPSS(Statistical Product and Service Solutions)

目录

什么是SPSS

  SPSS,统计产品与服务解决方案软件。最初软件全称为“社会科学统计软件包”(SolutionsStatistical Package for the Social Sciences),但是随着SPSS产品服务领域的扩大和服务深度的增加,已于2000年正式将英文全称更改为“统计产品与服务解决方案”,标志着SPSS的战略方向正在做出重大调整。SPSS为IBM公司推出的一系列用于统计学分析运算、数据挖掘预测分析决策支持任务的软件产品及相关服务的总称SPSS,有Windows和Mac OS X等版本。

  1984年SPSS总部首先推出了世界上第一个统计分析软件微机版本SPSS/PC+,开创了SPSS微机系列产品的开发方向,极大地扩充了它的应用范围,并使其能很快地应用于自然科学、技术科学、社会科学的各个领域。

  SPSS是世界上最早的统计分析软件,由美国斯坦福大学的三位研究生Norman H. Nie、C. Hadlai (Tex) Hull 和 Dale H. Bent于1968年研究开发成功,同时成立了SPSS公司,并于1975年成立法人组织、在芝加哥组建了SPSS总部。

SPSS的内容[1]

1.About the product portfolio

Use the special capabilities of each SPSS product toaddress a wide array of business problems, combine products to achieve your organization’s goals or deploy packaged solutions built specifically to resolve your most pressing business needs.

2.Social, survey and market research

Develop a deeper understanding of people’s attitudes, opinions and preferences by using software specifically designed for market and survey research. Capture attitudes, opinions and trends as they happen in social media

3.Predictive and advanced analytics

With ease of use plus versatility, you can take on almost any analytical task. Use SPSS solutions for statistical analysis,data and text mining, and predictive modeling to uncover key insights and solve real business problems.

4.Decision management and deployment

Use SPSS solutions to embed predictive intelligence into everyday decisions. Apply discipline to analytics with security-rich collaboration and automation. Optimize everyday business decisions based on predictive outcomes, business rules, business objectives and operational constraints

5.Predictive solutions

Improve business outcomes with solutions designed specifically to help organizations integrate predictive analytics into their operations.

SPSS的功能[1]

Predictive analytics software helps organizations use data in their daily decision-making to substantially improve outcomes.Organizations in business, government, non-profits and academia can capture information about people’s attitudes and opinions, predict the outcomes of interactions before they occur and act on their insights by embedding analytic results into business processes.

IBM® SPSS® solutions are a key component of IBM’s broad business analytics portfolio that helps organizations make informed and optimized decisions everywhere to improve outcomes and manage risk. SPSS products enable your organization to apply analytics to decision-making whenever and wherever it is needed. These products can function independently but are designed to work together to address the full spectrum of analytics needs. Organizations can benefit from analytics faster when multiple capabilities are integrated into a single solution.

SPSS software supports:

• Social, survey and market research. Solutions such as IBM Social Media Analytics along with SPSS Data Collection help provide you with a detailed view of customers based on the analysis of social media, survey research and market research data.

• Predictive and advanced analytics. Solutions such as IBM SPSS Statistics and its modules and IBM SPSS Modeler are recognized leaders in providing the advanced analytics, predictive analytics and data and text mining capabilities that turn data into insight.

• Decision management and deployment. Solutions such as IBM SPSS Collaboration and Deployment Services combine a disciplined, security-rich and collaborative approach to

analytics with decision management capabilities. As a result, these solutions can infuse predictive intelligence into everyday business decisions.

• Predictive solutions. Solutions such as IBM Predictive Maintenance and Quality and IBM Predictive Customer Intelligence are designed specifically to synthesize multiple capabilities for targeted line of business outcomes.

R与SAS、SPSS的比较

R与SAS、SPSS之比较如表格所示

主题SAS产品线SPSS产品线R语言相关包
高级模块SAS/STAT®SPSS Advanced Models™stat, MASS及众多扩展包
基础模块SAS®SPSS Base™R
联合分析SAS/STAT®: TransregSPSS Conjoint™homals, psychoR , bayesm
对应分析SAS/STAT®: CorrespSPSS Categories™homals, MASS, FactoMineR,ade4, PTAk, cocorresp, vegan, made4, PsychoR
自定义表格SAS Base® Report、SQL, TabulateSPSS Custom Tables™reshape
数据接口SAS/ACCESS®SPSS Data Access Pack™DBI, foreign, RODBC
数据挖掘Enterprise Miner™Clementine®rattle, arules, FactoMineR
数据校验Various proceduresVarious procedures,SPSS Data Preparation™dprep, various functions
Exact TestsSAS/STAT®: variousSPSS Exact Tests™coin, elrm, exactLoglinTest,exactmaxsel, exactRankTests,及其他许多包
基因分析SAS/Genetics®,SAS/Microarray®,Solution®, JMP,Genomics®Bioconductor
GISSAS/GIS®,SAS/Graph®SPSS Maps™maps, mapdata, mapproj,GRASS via s

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