《纽约邮报》

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(重定向自纽约邮报)
《纽约邮报》(New York Post)
《纽约邮报》(New York Post)

官方网站网址http://www.nypost.com/

目录

《纽约邮报》简介

  《纽约邮报》(New York Post)是美国历史最悠久的报纸之一。创办于1801年,现属媒体大亨默多克新闻集团。其报道风格以煽情、八卦而闻名。在1960年代后半期,日发行量曾达70万份,现虽下降到41.8万份,但仍然是纽约最重要的报纸之一。

纽约邮报“黑猩猩”风波
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纽约邮报“黑猩猩”风波

《纽约邮报》的竞购

  1973年,默多克开始向美国进军。与英国人的冰冷和英国传媒的敌意相反,性格相对憨直的美国人没有留意到这位不速之客的真正意图,对默多克夫妇表现出相当的友好。

  1974年,默多克认识了经营《纽约邮报》几十年的多莉·施奇夫夫人。然而,她当时无意出卖该报。到了1976年,她的律师告诉她,即将实行的美国新税务法将使她的孩子们很难保住这份报纸。当时,该报销量近50万份,但一年亏损5000万美元。73岁的多莉·施奇夫夫人决定将报纸卖给默多克。1976年底,买卖终于成交。拥有历史悠久又颇具影响力的《纽约邮报》,是默多克打入美国关键的一步。 他在纽约购买了《纽约邮报》后,一改报纸原来的风格,开始增加暴力和性的有关新闻,以及丑闻和案件的报道,并通过渲染和夸张的语言来吸引读者。

Paper's history

  The New York Post, established in 1801 as the New-York Evening Post, describes itself as the nation's oldest continuously published daily newspaper. The Hartford Courant, which describes itself as the nation's oldest continuously published newspaper, was founded in 1764 as a semi-weekly paper; it did not begin publishing daily until 1836. The New Hampshire Gazette, which has trademarked its claim of being The Nation's Oldest Newspaper, was founded in 1756, also as a weekly. Moreover, since the 1890s it has been published only for weekends.

  The Post was founded by Alexander Hamilton with about US$10,000 from a group of investors in the autumn of 1801 as the New-York Evening Post, a broadsheet. Hamilton's co-investors included other New York members of the Federalist Party, such as Robert Troup and Oliver Wolcott, who were dismayed by the election of Thomas Jefferson as U.S. President and the rise in popularity of the Democratic-Republican Party. The meeting at which Hamilton first recruited investors for the new paper took place in then-country weekend villa that is now Gracie Mansion. Hamilton chose William Coleman as his first editor, but the most-famous 19th-century New-York Evening Post editor was the poet and abolitionist William Cullen Bryant. So well respected was the New-York Evening Post under Bryant's editorship, it received praise from the English philosopher John Stuart Mill, in 1864.

  In 1881 Henry Villard took control of the New-York Evening Post, which in 1897 passed to the management of his son, Oswald Garrison Villard, a founding member of both the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People and the American Civil Liberties Union. Villard sold the paper in 1918, after widespread allegations of pro-German sympathies during World War I hurt its circulation. The buyer was Thomas Lamont, a senior partner in the Wall Street firm of J.P. Morgan & Co.. Unable to stem the paper's financial losses, he sold it to a consortium of 34 financial and reform political leaders, headed by Edwin F. Gay, dean of the Harvard Business School, whose members included Franklin Delano Roosevelt. Conservative Cyrus H. K. Curtis—publisher of the Ladies Home Journal—purchased the New-York Evening Post in 1924 and briefly turned it into a non-sensational tabloid in 1933. J. David Stern purchased the paper in 1934, changed its name to the New York Post, and restored its broadsheet size and liberal perspective.

  Dorothy Schiff purchased the paper in 1939; her husband, George Backer, was named editor and publisher. Her second editor (and third husband) Ted Thackrey became co-publisher and co-editor with Schiff in 1942, and recast the newspaper into its current tabloid format. James Wechsler became editor of the paper in 1949, running both the news and the editorial pages; in 1961, he turned over the news section to Paul Sann and remained as editorial-page editor until 1980. Under Schiff's tenure the Post was devoted to liberalism, supporting trade unions and social welfare, and featured some of the most-popular columnists of the time, such as Drew Pearson, Eleanor Roosevelt, Max Lerner, Murray Kempton, Pete Hamill, and Eric Sevareid, in addition to theatre critic Richard Watts, Jr. and Broadway columnist Earl Wilson. In 1976 the Post was bought by Rupert Murdoch for US$30 million. The Post at this point was the only surviving afternoon daily in New York City, but its circulation under Schiff had grown by two-thirds.

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