德国赫伯罗特公司

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德国赫伯罗特公司(Hapag Lloyd)
德国赫伯罗特公司(Hapag Lloyd)

德国赫伯罗特公司网站:http://www.hapag-lloyd.com/

目录

德国赫伯罗特公司简介

  赫伯罗特是目前世界前五大船公司之一,致力于全球化的集装箱服务,在100多个国家拥有约500家分支机构。赫伯罗特拥有超过130艘集装箱船,约410,000标准箱的装载量。业务遍布于南部欧洲,北部欧洲,北美洲,拉丁美洲和亚洲之间。

  Hapag-Lloyd is a German transportation company comprising a cargo container shipping line, Hapag-Lloyd Container Line, and a cruise line, Hapag-Lloyd Cruises. It was formed in 1970 as a merger of two 19th Century companies, Hapag, which dated from 1847, and Norddeutscher Lloyd (NDL) or North German Lloyd (NGL), which was formed in 1856. Hapag-Lloyd was acquired in 1998 by TUI AG (Hanover) and became its fully-owned subsidiary in 2002.

Hapag

  Hamburg businessmen founded the Hamburg-Amerikanische Packetfahrt-Aktien-Gesellschaft company, (Hamburg America Line), for shipping across the Atlantic Ocean.

  In 1891, Albert Ballin invented the cruise liner, which would later be incorporated into both the Hapag and NGL ship fleets.

  In 1910, Hapag became involved in the aviation industry for the first time, sponsoring Zeppelin flights.

  In 1912, Hapag built the first of their "Big Three" ocean liners; the Imperator, followed by her sisters Vaterland and Bismarck. These were the first liners to exceed 50,000 gross tons and 900 feet in length.

  During World War I, the entire Hapag fleet of 175 ships was wiped out. Many ocean liners were lost during the conflict, leading to Ballin's suicide in 1918. After war's end, Hapag rebuilt its fleet with much smaller ships than before the war, but their fleet was again wiped out during World War II.

Headquarters of Hapag-Lloyd in Hamburg
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Headquarters of Hapag-Lloyd in Hamburg

NGL/NDL

  NDL was formed in 1856 in Bremen, offering shipping service between Bremerhaven and New York, and building a large fleet of ships that carried 240,000 passengers across the Atlantic in 1913 alone. The outbreak of World War I resulted in the loss or seizure of NDL's entire fleet of 135 ships.

  Operations were resumed in 1922, and NDL launched the Bremen and Europa in 1929-1930.

  During World War II the entire fleet was again lost. The Swedish American Line Gripsholm was acquired in 1954, and another Bremen, formerly Pasteur, and Europa (Kungsholm), were launched.

Hapag-Lloyd

  Hapag and NGL continued to compete until establishing a joint-venture container line in 1968 and finally merging in 1970 under the name Hapag-Lloyd. On September 1, 1970, the NDL merged operations with Hapag.

  The conglomerate founded the charter airline Hapag-Lloyd Airlines in 1972, buying a few Boeing 727s to fly its cruise passengers from Germany to the cruises' ports of call. The airline eventually added some regular passenger flights as well.

  Hapag-Lloyd was acquired in 1998 by TUI AG (Hanover), a tourism conglomerate, and became its fully-owned subsidiary in 2002. A retrenchment from that position through an offering of a minority of Hapag-Lloyd's shares on the stock market was planned in 2004. As part of that process, its business units other than the container line and cruise line were planned for divestiture.

  Hapag-Lloyd Express, a low-fare, high-frequency airline, was initiated in the early 2000s. These eponymous companies are not owned by Hapag-Lloyd, however, but by TUI. The air routes which are operated by them fall under the IATA coded of HF.

CP Ships Limited

  On 21 August 2005, TUI AG agreed to acquire CP Ships Limited for €1.7 billion (US$2.0 billion) in cash. The deal which was approved by the boards of both CP Ships, TUI , and the Shareholders has been successful. It has now made the combined fleet the fifth largest by capacity in the worldwide container shipping market. [1]

  Hapag-Lloyd Global Services Pvt. Ltd

  Hapag Lloyd Global Services Pvt. Ltd. better known as the Global Processing Center or GPC located in India with offices in Mumbai and Chennai has been doing some critical work for the Hapag Lloyd global organization since the first quarter of this year.

The "Düsseldorf Express" Hapag-Lloyd Container Ship
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The "Düsseldorf Express" Hapag-Lloyd Container Ship

公司历史

  History of Hapag-Lloyd

  Hapag-Lloyd AG came into being on September 1, 1970 as a result of the merger of the shipping lines Hamburg-Amerikanische-Packetfahrt-Actien-Gesellschaft (Hamburg-America Line or Hapag), based in Hamburg, and Norddeutscher Lloyd (NDL), based in Bremen. At the time of integration, these companies, founded in 1847 and 1857 respectively, had been active in ocean shipping for more than a century.

  Shortly before the First World War, the liner service networks of Hapag and Lloyd grew to span the globe. During the First and Second World Wars, both companies lost their fleets, but were able to re-build and greatly expand once again in the postwar years. With the container shipping boom of the late 1960s, the two organizations merged to form Hapag-Lloyd AG in 1970. In 1997, the company became a wholly owned subsidiary of TUI AG, a European tourism industry leader.

  The acquisition of CP Ships in 2005 placed Hapag-Lloyd among the top five biggest shipping companies in the world and greatly expanded its fleet and network.

  For more detailed information about Hapag-Lloyd's history, please click here.

  History of CP Ships

  The history of CP Ships began in 1886, when it transported more than 1 million pounds of tea from Asia to Canada with the 800t sailing ship WB Flint, the first ocean-going vessel chartered by Canadian Pacific Railways. The company started offering Trans Atlantic services in 1903.

  CP Ships acquired an excellent reputation, which was enhanced by its famous passenger liners of the Empress class. When Canadian Pacific entered the cruise business in 1922, the Empress liners were among the most luxurious vessels of the day. CP Ships focused on container transport at an early stage and already had containerships each carrying 12 boxes in 1964. An important year for CP Ships was 1984, when Canadian Pacific co-founded the shipping line Canada Maritime. CP Ships grew with acquisitions. From 1993, it acquired as many as ten companies, including Canada Maritime (1993), Lykes Lines (1997) and Italia Line (2002).

  In 2005, CP Ships was acquired by Hapag-Lloyd, which thus became the world’s fifth largest container shipping line.

  For more detailed information about CP Ships' history, please click here.

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评论(共2条)

提示:评论内容为网友针对条目"德国赫伯罗特公司"展开的讨论,与本站观点立场无关。
Ivypuppyivy (Talk | 贡献) 在 2011年5月5日 13:03 发表

2005年是赫伯罗特收购了加拿大太平洋航运公司,从而成为世界五大集装箱船公司。上面的说反了

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Ivypuppyivy (Talk | 贡献) 在 2011年5月5日 13:05 发表

抱歉,网页翻译自动看错了~

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