美國阿帕奇公司

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出自 MBA智库百科(https://wiki.mbalib.com/)

(重定向自阿帕奇)
美國阿帕奇公司(Apache Corporation)——美國大型的獨立的油氣勘探和開發的公司之一

美國阿帕奇公司官方網址:http://www.apachecorp.com/

目錄

阿帕奇公司簡介

  阿帕奇公司(Apache)於1954年由杜魯門.安德森、雷蒙的.普蘭克、查爾斯.阿爾諾三人在明尼蘇達州的明尼阿珀裡斯創立,是在美國、加拿大、埃及、澳大利亞、波蘭和中國等國家經營油、氣勘探和開發的最大的獨立公司之一。在美國國內的業務區域有墨西哥灣的大陸架外緣、俄克拉荷馬州西部的Anadarko盆地、德克薩斯州和新墨西哥州的二疊紀盆地、新墨西哥州的聖朱安盆地以及德克薩斯州東部和德克薩斯州和路易斯安娜灣海灣區。目前,公司在加拿大、埃及和澳大利亞的產量、勘探面積和範圍在不斷擴大。阿帕奇石油公司擁有標準普爾公司(美國)和穆迪投資者服務公司(美國)和Fitch的A級證書。

Mission

Our mission is to build a dynamic, global exploration and production company to provide oil and natural gas for the purpose of advancing the quality of human lives.

* We will conduct our business from a foundation of integrity and respect for people, their cultures and traditions. * We derive benefit from the earth and take our environmental responsibility seriously. * Profit from our growing business is the glue that unites Apache employees, partners, suppliers and shareholders in the fulfillment of our long-term mission.

Strategy

Apache’s mission is to grow a profitable upstream oil and gas company for the long-term benefit of our shareholders. Our strategy includes building a balanced portfolio of assets, maintaining financial flexibility, and maximizing earnings and cash flows by controlling costs.

We have a portfolio of core areas that provide long-term growth opportunities through drilling supplemented by strategic acquisitions. Two decades ago, recognizing that the United States was a mature oil and gas province, we launched an international exploration component to our portfolio approach. Our international locations provide additional diversity of geologic and geographic risk as well as exposure to larger reserve targets, which fuel production and reserve growth. We have exploration and production operations in six countries, comprising seven regions: the Gulf Coast and Central regions in the United States, Canada, Egypt, the North Sea, Australia and Argentina. We have exploration interests in Chile located adjacent to our Argentine operations in Tierra del Fuego. We have achieved a critical mass in each of our producing regions that support sustainable, lower-risk, repeatable drilling opportunities. This enables us to pursue higher-risk, higher-reward exploration primarily in our international regions, particularly our growth areas of Australia, Canada and Egypt. Our acreage positions, which include 39 million gross acres across the globe, also bring ample growth opportunities.

In 2008, we drilled or participated in 1,418 gross wells with an overall 93 percent success rate; 90 percent were developmental and 10 percent were exploratory. We carefully spread our risk among our regions. For instance, no single region contributed more than 23 percent of our production or reserves in 2008. Our multiple geological locations also provide us a mixture in reserve life, which translates into balance in the timing of returns on our investments. Reserve life (estimated reserves divided by annual production) in our regions ranges from as short as seven years to as long as 27 years.

In addition, our goal is to balance our mix of hydrocarbons, which provides some measure of protection against price deterioration in a given product while retaining upside potential through a significant increase in either commodity price. In 2008, crude oil and liquids provided 50 percent of our production and 68 percent of our revenue. We were well-positioned to realize the benefit of higher oil prices, which significantly outpaced natural gas price increases for much of the year, despite falling 70 percent from their June 2008 peak. Our year-end estimated proved reserves were balanced at 55 percent natural gas and 45 percent crude oil and liquids.

Preserving financial flexibility and a strong balance sheet are also key to our overall business philosophy. We ended 2008 with a debt-to-capitalization ratio of 23 percent, after current year capital investments of $6.3 billion, excluding asset retirement costs. We also had over $1.5 billion of cash and short-term investments. In tightening credit markets, we believe Apache’s single-A debt ratings provide a competitive advantage in accessing capital. Our 2008 return on capital employed and return on equity of four percent and five percent, respectively, was negatively impacted by a non-cash write-down (discussed in Item 7 of Form 10-K).

Another critical component of our overall strategy is maximization of earnings and cash flow. Both are significantly impacted by commodity prices, which fluctuate and are primarily influenced by factors beyond our control, including worldwide supply and demand, political stability and governmental actions and regulations. For example, demand for energy, once thought to be insatiable, waned, driving prices down. Prices began the year strong and soared to unprecedented levels in mid-2008, only to fall rapidly by year-end, as the financial markets and ultimately the world’s economies stalled.

We also strive to control costs of both adding and producing reserves. Operating regions are given the autonomy necessary to make drilling and operating decisions and to act quickly. Management and incentive systems underscore high cash flows and motivate appropriate risk taking to reach or exceed targeted hurdle rates of return. Results are measured monthly, reviewed with management quarterly and utilized to determine annual performance awards. We monitor capital allocations, at least quarterly, through a disciplined and focused process of analyzing current economic conditions in each of our regions, internally generated drilling prospects, opportunities for tactical acquisitions or, occasionally, new core areas which could enhance our portfolio. We also periodically evaluate our properties to determine whether sales of certain assets could provide opportunities to redeploy our capital resources to rebalance our portfolio and enhance prospective returns.

The global economic slowdown and decline in oil and gas prices create a difficult operating environment for 2009. In preparation, we have substantially reduced our capital budget for 2009 in an effort to keep our expenditures in line with our cash flow. In 2009, we plan to invest $3.5 to $4 billion on capital expenditures, which is 50 percent less than in 2008. Our plan includes investments for drilling and recompleting wells, development projects, waterflood projects, equipment upgrades, production enhancement projects and seismic acquisition. Also included is $300 million for gathering, transmission and processing assets and $500 million for plugging and abandonment work, of which $250 million is for damage caused by Hurricanes Katrina, Rita and Ike. As is our custom, we will review and revise our capital expenditure estimates throughout the year based on changing industry conditions and results-to-date. Additionally, we plan to step up our search for opportunities to acquire oil and gas properties where we believe we can add value and earn adequate rates of return.

During our 54 years in business and throughout the cycles of our industry, these strategies have underpinned our ability to deliver long-term production growth, increase proved reserves at a reasonable economic cost and achieve competitive investment rates of return for the benefit of our shareholders. We increased reserves 22 out of 23 years and increased production 28 out of the past 30 years, a testament to our longevity. While the business environment in 2009 is likely to be challenging, we believe we are in a strong financial position and are well-positioned to take advantage of what could be some of the most attractive acquisition opportunities in years.

Values

Grow, succeed, innovate - and do it faster than the guys down the street.

The values our company was founded upon — integrity, respect, individual initiative, innovation and striving for excellence — are essential today. After far-ranging discussions of the morals, ethics and ideals that should guide a global enterprise, we defined five core values for Apache:

* Conduct business with honesty and integrity, * Respect and invest in our greatest asset: our people, * Conduct business with respect for people, cultures and traditions, * Foster an entrepreneurial spirit; expect and reward innovation and creativity, and * Drive to succeed with a sense of urgency.

Apache's continued growth and global expansion depend on these values to guide strategies, decisions and actions into the future.

History

Apache Corporation was conceived 50 years ago. Its gestation, with no small amount of planning, has yielded a company that is built to last. — Raymond Plank "Critical Mass: Apache at 50"

Apache was formed in 1954 with $250,000 of investor capital with the simple concept of becoming a significant and profitable oil company. Today, Apache Corporation is one of the world's top independent oil and gas exploration and production companies. The journey to this point was fueled by Apache's contrarian approach to business. The eras linked below tell the story...

Key dates

  •   Dec. 6, 1954: Apache was founded.
  •   1959: Apache diversified until oil and gas demostrated long-term viablility and profitability.
  •   1967: The Fagerness No. 1 discovery puts Apache on the map.
  •   May 27, 1969: Apache's stock was listed on the New York Stock Exchange, opening at $30.50 per share.
  •   1971: Apache Exploration Company was formed, which brought renewed emphasis to oil and gas.
  •   1977: Apache sells diversified assets.
  •   1981: Apache Petroleum Company was formed, the country's first Master Limited Partnership.
  •   1982: Acquisition of Dow Chemical's oil and gas assets by APC; beginning of growth through acquistion.
  •   1986: Oxy acquisition and imminent tax reform leads to restructuring as a pure exploration and production company.
  •   1987: Headquarters moves from Minneapolis, Minn., to Denver, Colo.
  •   1988: Decision to go international; Apache is years ahead of its peer group.
  •   1991: MW Petroleum acquistion formalizes “acquire and exploit” and precipitates headquarters' move to Houston.
  •   1993: With Hadson acquisition, Australia becomes first international core area.
  •   1995: Dekalb merger marks return to Canada after 25-year absence and formation of second international core area.
  •   1996: Earnings reach $100 million for the first time.
  •   1996: Phoenix merger makes Egypt third international core area.
  •   July 22, 1997: Standard & Poors added Apache to the S&P 500 index.
  •   1999: Shell GOM acquisition marks beginning of Apache's pre-eminence on the Outer Continental Shelf.
  •   1999: Shell Canada acquisition: $518 million.
  •   2001: Fletcher Challenge acquisition: Canada, $677 million.
  •   2001: Repsol acquisition: Egypt , $447 million (which brought operatorship of Khalda).
  •   2003: BP North Sea acquisition adds fourth international core area.
  •   2003: Qasr No.1 in Egypt: At 2-3 TCF, it marks the largest onshore discovery in the company's history.
  •   2003: Earnings reach $1 billion for the first time on record reserves and production.
  •   2003: BP acquisition: UK North Sea , $650 million.
  •   2003: BP acquisition: Gulf of Mexico , $650 million.
  •   2003: Shell acquisition: Gulf of Mexico, $200 million.
  •   Jan. 12, 2004: Apache dually lists on the NASDAQ stock market.
  •   2004: Anadarko acquisition: Gulf of Mexico, $525 million.
  •   Oct. 26, 2004: Apache share price doubled in four years, adding more than $9 billion in shareholder value.
  •   2005: ExxonMobil agreements: West Texas, Western Canada, onshore Louisiana and the Gulf of Mexico Continental Shelf
  •   2005: Anadarko acquisition: Gulf of Mexico, $525 million.
  •   2006: Amerada Hess acquisition: Permian Basin of West Texas and New Mexico.
  •   2007: Year end earnings hit record of $2.8 billion or $8.39 per share.
  •   2009: Apache Founder Raymond Plank retires after 54 years of service.
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