日本全日空航空公司

用手机看条目

出自 MBA智库百科(https://wiki.mbalib.com/)

(重定向自全日空)
日本全日空航空公司(ANA)
日本全日空航空公司(ANA) TYO: 9202 、星空聯盟成員之一

全日空官方網站網址:http://www.ana.co.jp/

目錄

日本全日空航空公司簡介

  全日本空輸株式會社(日文:ぜんにっぽんくうゆ,英文:All Nippon Airways Co., Ltd.)簡稱全日空或者ANA。一家日本的航空公司,於1952年12月27日成立。

  全日本航空公司成立於1952年12月27日,初期的名稱為日本直升機公司(航班號NH為日本直升機 Nippon Helicopter)。1953年2月公司開始經營直升機業務,客運及貨運服務則開始於1953年12月15日。1955年全日空開闢了從大阪到東京的新貨運航線開通,為公司帶來了發展的契機。同年,道格拉斯 DC-3型飛機投入運營. 公司於1957年正式更名為全日本航空( All Nippon Airways, ANA)。1957年12月1日,公司併購了一個小型的競爭對手遠東航空公司,把公司的市場價值提升到了6億日元

  到了1960年代,公司的增長趨緩,但新的機型不斷加入。包括1960年的 Vickers Viscount和1961年的福克F27s.。公司於1961年在東京證券交易所大阪證券交易所上市。經過了1963年和富士航空公司和合併,公司的價值提升到40億日元。在1965年,全日空開始引入波音727及YS-11,到了1969年,波音737開始加入全日空的機隊。

  全日空於1973年開始引入洛克西德L-1011,L-1011為全日空首款引入的廣體客機。全日空原先傾向購買麥道DC-10型客機,但最後決定引入洛克西德的L-1011。事後揭發洛克西德賄賂當時日本首相田中角榮,從而迫使全日空訂購洛克西德生產的L-1011。事件最後導致了田中角榮及幾名全日空高層被拘捕。

  波音747於1978年加入全日空機隊,全日空亦於1983年引入了波音767。

全日空波音 747-481
放大
全日空波音 747-481

  1986年3月3日全日空首飛了從東京到關島的客運航線。大量的國際航線如: 法蘭克福、紐約、三藩市、倫敦、巴黎相繼開通。在1990年代,全日空持續把業務擴張到亞洲、北美、歐洲等地。空中客車也開始出現在機隊,如A320, A321。同時代加入的還有波音747-400客機。1994年全日空開辦往返關西國際機場的航班並與1999年10月加入星空聯盟。

  2001年911事件之後,布希政府宣佈了航空禁令,從華盛頓杜勒斯國際機場飛往日本東京成田國際機場的全日空班機成為該禁令解除後的第一班在美國境內起飛的航班。

  2004年,為了在成田及羽田機場大量擴充的停機坪不致空置,全日空宣佈了新的機隊更新計劃,大量的小型客機將取代目前機隊中服役的大型客機。全日空的盈利亦於2004年首次超越日本航空

  2005年7月12日,為了滿足公司貨運部門擴張的需求,全日空宣佈與NYK達成協議,NYK將日本貨運航空公司27.6%的股份轉讓給全日空。NYK是日本貨運航空公司的主要股東。

  全日空被ATW (Air Transport World)選為2007年的年度航空公司。

公司歷史

  Formation建立

  ANA's earliest ancestor was Nippon Helicopter and Aeroplane (日本ヘリコプター輸送, Nippon Herikoputā Yusō?), an airline company founded on 27 December 1952. Nippon Helicopter was the source of what would later be ANA's IATA airline code, NH.

  NH began helicopter services in February 1953. On 15 December 1953, it operated its first cargo flight between Osaka and Tokyo using a de Havilland Dove, JA5008. This was the first scheduled flight flown by a Japanese pilot in postwar Japan. Passenger service on the same route began on 1 February 1954, and was upgraded to a de Havilland Heron in March. In 1955, the Douglas DC-3 plane began flying for NH as well, by which time the airline's route network extended from northern Kyūshū to Sapporo.

  ANA's other ancestor was Far Eastern Airlines (極東航空, Kyokutō Kōkū?). Although it was founded on 26 December 1952, one day before NH, it did not begin operations until 20 January 1954, when it began night cargo runs between Osaka and Tokyo, also using a de Havilland Dove. It adopted the DC-3 in early 1957, by which point its route network extended through southern Japan from Tokyo to Kagoshima.

FEA merged with NH on 1 December 1957. The combined companies had a total market capitalization of 600 million yen. They initially planned to use the name Zen Nippon Kōkū or "All Japan Airlines" for the combined company. However, the statute authorizing the formation of Japan Airlines also banned any other company from using the words "Japan Airlines" (Nippon Kōkū) in its name, so the name "All Nippon Airways" was chosen instead.

  Domestic era國內時期

  ANA grew steadily through the 1960s, adding the Vickers Viscount to the fleet in 1960 and the Fokker F27 in 1961. 1961 marked ANA's debut at the Tokyo Stock Exchange as well as the Osaka Securities Exchange; in the same year, the airline was granted a permit to operate flights to Okinawa, technically international flights since Okinawa remained occupied by the US military.

  1963 saw another merger, this one with Fujita Airlines, raising the company's capital to 4 billion yen.

  In 1964, ANA introduced jet services with Boeing 727s on the Tokyo-Sapporo route. It also introduced Japan's first homegrown turboprop airliner, the YS-11, to replace Convair 440s on local routes. In 1969, ANA introduced Boeing 737 service.

  As ANA grew, it took the then-unique step of contracting with travel companies across Japan to handle ground services in each region. Many of these companies received shares in ANA as part of their deals. Some of these relationships continue today in different forms: for instance, Nagoya Railroad, which handled ANA's operations in the Chubu region, maintains a permanent seat on ANA's board of directors.

  ANA soon became Japan's largest domestic airline. However, the Ministry of Transportation had granted JAL a monopoly on international scheduled flights, which remained intact until 1986. ANA was allowed to operate international charter flights: its first was a 727 charter from Tokyo to Hong Kong on February 3, 1971.

  ANA introduced its first widebody aircraft, the Lockheed L-1011, on the Tokyo-Okinawa route in 1974. The carrier had initially ordered McDonnell Douglas DC-10s, but cancelled the order at the last minute and switched to Lockheed. It was later revealed that Lockheed had indirectly bribed Prime Minister Kakuei Tanaka to force this switch: the ensuing scandal led to the arrest of Tanaka and several ANA managers for corruption.

  Boeing 747s were introduced on the Tokyo-Sapporo and Tokyo-Fukuoka routes in 1978, and Boeing 767s were introduced on Shikoku routes in 1983.

  International era國際時期

  In 1986, ANA began to expand beyond Japan's key domestic carrier to become a competitive international carrier as well. On 3 March 1986, ANA started scheduled international flights with a passenger service from Tokyo to Guam.Flights to Los Angeles and Washington followed by year's end, and ANA also entered a service agreement with American Airlines to feed the US carrier's new flights to Narita.

  ANA expanded its international services gradually: to Beijing, Dalian, Hong Kong and Sydney in 1987; to Seoul in 1988; to London and Saipan in 1989; to Paris in 1990 and to New York in 1991. Airbus equipment such as the A320 and A321 was added to the fleet in the early 1990s, as was the Boeing 747-481 jet. ANA joined the Star Alliance in October 1999.

  2004 saw ANA's profits exceed JAL's for the first time. That year, facing a surplus of slots due to the construction of new airports and the ongoing expansion of Haneda, ANA announced a fleet renewal plan that would replace some of its large aircraft with a greater number of smaller aircraft.

  Also in 2004, ANA set up low-cost subsidiary Air Next to operate flights from Fukuoka Airport starting in 2005, and became the majority shareholder in Nakanihon Airline Service (NAL) headquartered in Nagoya Airport. In 2005, ANA renamed NAL to Air Central, and relocated its headquarters to Chubu Centrair International Airport.

  On July 12, 2005, ANA reached a deal with NYK to sell its 27.6% share in Nippon Cargo Airlines a joint venture formed between the two companies in 1987. The sale allowed ANA to focus on developing its own cargo division.

  In 2006, ANA, Japan Post, Nippon Express, and Mitsui O.S.K. Lines founded ANA & JP Express (AJV), which would operate freighters.It is majority owned by ANA. It absorbed Air Japan's freighter operations.

  Air Transport World named ANA its 2007 "Airline of the Year", and the airline has been recognised by FlightOnTime.info as the most punctual scheduled airline between London and Tokyo for the last four consecutive years, based on official UK CAA statistics.

  ANA planned to launch ANA Business Jet on 25 March 2007 as an extension of its business class offering, using Boeing 737-700ER aircraft configured with 48 seats in two classes. The two aircraft would initially be used on daily services between Nagoya and Guangzhou.Additionally, ANA will also use this jet to fly between Tokyo and Mumbai, in a configuration utilizing just 36 seats.

本條目對我有幫助8
MBA智库APP

扫一扫,下载MBA智库APP

分享到:
  如果您認為本條目還有待完善,需要補充新內容或修改錯誤內容,請編輯條目投訴舉報

評論(共2條)

提示:評論內容為網友針對條目"日本全日空航空公司"展開的討論,與本站觀點立場無關。
119.137.83.* 在 2010年6月26日 20:27 發表

也就是目前為止日本和中國一樣,並未有自產的大飛機,其航運公司都為購買或租借美/歐機型?

回複評論
58.115.124.* 在 2010年7月16日 10:08 發表

我很喜歡你們的ANA全日空航空公司尤其是747-400機型

希望你們航空公司能達到國際第一全日空航空公司

回複評論

發表評論請文明上網,理性發言並遵守有關規定。

打开APP

以上内容根据网友推荐自动排序生成

闽公网安备 35020302032707号